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INTRODUCTION Prospectively assessing factors that influence triage nurse assignment of patients to the higher risk level 2 compared to the lower risk level 3 has not previously been explored within the 5-level Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage system. Considering the large amount of information available about the patient, less experienced triage nurses(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the potential value of more frequent QT interval measurement in hospitalized patients. DESIGN We performed a prospective, observational study. SETTING All adult intensive care unit and progressive care unit beds of a university medical center. PATIENTS All patients admitted to one of six critical care units over a 2-month period were(More)
INTRODUCTION Nurses are involved in conducting research and incorporating evidence into their practice. However, barriers exist at the individual, unit, and organizational level related to understanding, conducting, and evaluating the evidence. The Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) conducted a study to understand levels of education in research, the extent(More)
The present work describes the first example of real-time noninvasive lactate sensing in human perspiration during exercise events using a flexible printed temporary-transfer tattoo electrochemical biosensor that conforms to the wearer's skin. The new skin-worn enzymatic biosensor exhibits chemical selectivity toward lactate with linearity up to 20 mM and(More)
CONTEXT Transitions near the end of life have not been well articulated and the end-of-life (EOL) phase is not well understood in the emergency department (ED). The sudden and unforeseen is common in the ED. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this qualitative research project is to identify different trajectories of approaching death in an effort to describe the(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency department (ED) providers commonly care for seriously ill patients who suffer from advanced, chronic, life-limiting illnesses in addition to those that are acutely ill or injured. Both the chronically ill and those who present in extremis may benefit from application of palliative care principles. CASE REPORT We present a case(More)
The ability to make electrical contact to single molecules creates opportunities to examine fundamental processes governing electron flow on the smallest possible length scales. We report experiments in which we controllably stretched individual cobalt complexes having spin S = 1, while simultaneously measuring current flow through the molecule. The(More)
This article presents the fabrication and characterization of novel tattoo-based solid-contact ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) for non-invasive potentiometric monitoring of epidermal pH levels. The new fabrication approach combines commercially available temporary transfer tattoo paper with conventional screen printing and solid-contact polymer ISE(More)