Garland H. Land

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A stronger focus on evidence-based decision making in day-to-day public health practice is needed. This article describes the rationale for this need, including (1) the inter-relationships between evidence-based medicine and evidence-based public health (EBPH); (2) commonly used analytic tools and processes; (3) keys to when public health action is(More)
The Missouri birth certificate has had a question, "cigarettes smoked per day?" since 1978; the current data base contains more than 800,000 records. A comparison of the Missouri data for married mothers with the National Natality Survey (NNS) data shows mainly consistent findings between the two data sets. The Missouri data, however, also provided(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to analyze the smoking changes that have occurred among pregnant Black teenagers in Missouri. The study also examines changes in Black teenage pregnancy outcomes in relation to smoking behavior changes. METHODS This analysis used computerized data files from the 1978 to 1990 Missouri birth certificates to acquire(More)
Although maternal cigarette smoking has been shown to reduce the birth weight of an infant, previous findings on the relation between smoking and fetal and infant mortality have been inconsistent. This study used the largest data base ever available (360,000 birth, 2,500 fetal death, and 3,800 infant death certificates for Missouri residents during(More)
CONTEXT Consumer reports in health care are a relatively recent phenomenon. Primarily designed to assist consumers in making more informed decisions about their personal health care, they appear to have an important by-product-they led to positive changes in the behavior of clinicians and health care delivery organizations. While there has been much(More)
Estimates of the incidence of child maltreatment fatalities vary widely; most experts believe they are underreported. To investigate the suspicion that fatal maltreatment was underreported in Missouri preschool children, a statewide, population-based study was conducted using nine data sources. The study cases included the 384 children younger than age 5(More)
Linked birth certificate and infant death certificate data from Missouri for 1979-1983 were used to explore the association of maternal smoking with age and cause of infant death. The data included 305,730 singleton white livebirths, of which 2,720 resulted in infant deaths. Using multiple logistic regression to control for the confounding effects of(More)
The Task Force on Community Preventive Services has conducted systematic reviews of interventions designed to increase use of child safety seats, increase use of safety belts, and reduce alcohol-impaired driving. The Task Force strongly recommends the following interventions: laws requiring use of child safety seats, distribution and education programs for(More)
In Missouri, injuries from motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death to children aged one to four. In 1984, the state legislature enacted child passenger safety legislation, but by 1992, compliance with the law was still disappointingly low. The Missouri Department of Health implemented a program called Take a Seat, Please! in which concerned(More)