Garland H. Land

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Although maternal cigarette smoking has been shown to reduce the birth weight of an infant, previous findings on the relation between smoking and fetal and infant mortality have been inconsistent. This study used the largest data base ever available (360,000 birth, 2,500 fetal death, and 3,800 infant death certificates for Missouri residents during(More)
CONTEXT Consumer reports in health care are a relatively recent phenomenon. Primarily designed to assist consumers in making more informed decisions about their personal health care, they appear to have an important by-product-they led to positive changes in the behavior of clinicians and health care delivery organizations. While there has been much(More)
Using a multisource birth defects registry developed by the Missouri Center for Health Statistics for the years 1980-83, we examined the relation between maternal smoking during pregnancy and the occurrence of congenital malformations. There were 288,067 live singleton births in this data set of which 10,223 had one or more congenital malformations. When(More)
athering scientific information for decision making in the United States dates back to the mid-1800s when, in 1863, President Abraham incoln established the National Academy of Sciences o get advice on technical matters from the leading hinkers in the United States.1 The use of scientific nowledge for policymaking has since grown in imporance, fueled by the(More)
Estimates of the incidence of child maltreatment fatalities vary widely; most experts believe they are underreported. To investigate the suspicion that fatal maltreatment was underreported in Missouri preschool children, a statewide, population-based study was conducted using nine data sources. The study cases included the 384 children younger than age 5(More)
A stronger focus on evidence-based decision making in day-to-day public health practice is needed. This article describes the rationale for this need, including (1) the inter-relationships between evidence-based medicine and evidence-based public health (EBPH); (2) commonly used analytic tools and processes; (3) keys to when public health action is(More)
Linked birth certificate and infant death certificate data from Missouri for 1979-1983 were used to explore the association of maternal smoking with age and cause of infant death. The data included 305,730 singleton white livebirths, of which 2,720 resulted in infant deaths. Using multiple logistic regression to control for the confounding effects of(More)
The Task Force on Community Preventive Services has conducted systematic reviews of interventions designed to increase use of child safety seats, increase use of safety belts, and reduce alcohol-impaired driving. The Task Force strongly recommends the following interventions: laws requiring use of child safety seats, distribution and education programs for(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to analyze the smoking changes that have occurred among pregnant Black teenagers in Missouri. The study also examines changes in Black teenage pregnancy outcomes in relation to smoking behavior changes. METHODS This analysis used computerized data files from the 1978 to 1990 Missouri birth certificates to acquire(More)
Inadequate prenatal care has previously been identified as a significant risk factor for women who have low birth weight infants and infants who die during the neonatal period. Postpartum interviews with 1,484 primarily low-income women were conducted during 1987-88 in three areas of Missouri with the highest rates of inadequate prenatal care. The purpose(More)