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We have isolated several α-amylase genomic clones from an Eco RI library of barley DNA in λ-Charon 32. Five of these clones exhibit unique restriction maps and differences in their abilities to hybridize with two previously characterized α-amylase cDNA probes representing two different loci, α-Amy 1 (high pI) and α-Amy 2 (low pI) on barley chromosomes 6 and(More)
DNA-A and DNA-B components of the genome of a whitefly transmitted virus causing yellowing and leaf curl in tomato (ITLCV) were cloned following a simple procedure for isolation of the double stranded replicative form of viral DNA from infected tomato plants. The method is based on extraction of total DNA from infected plants followed by concentration of(More)
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) A strain (CMV-A) isolated from Amaranthus tricolor was partially characterized at molecular level. Complete coat protein (CP) and movement protein (MP) ORFs were cloned and sequenced. The 657 bp region of CP gene and the 840 bp region of MP gene encode 218 and 276 amino acids, respectively. CP, at nucleotide level, showed 90-98%(More)
The endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1) is transiently expressed specifically on the surface of cytokine-induced endothelial cells. We demonstrate that the transient expression of the protein is paralleled by an increase and decrease in transcription of the ELAM-1 gene. To identify the cis-acting transcription control regions within the(More)
Incubation of barley aleurone cells with gibberellic acid produces a progressive increase in the RNA content of the cells. The activity of poly(A)-containing RNA, measured in an in vitro wheat germ protein-synthesizing system, reaches a maximum approximately 12 hr after hormone addition and declines thereafter. The structurally intact functional mRNA(More)
IL-1 beta is a cytokine generally considered to be a major component involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases. Of the agents found in high concentrations in inflamed rheumatoid arthritis joints, TNF-alpha is among the most strongly implicated as an in vivo inducer of IL-1 beta. Here we report that in human PBMC(More)
A cucumber mosaic virus isolate was found to be associated with mottle crinkle and severe mosaic disease of Egyptian henbane (Hyoscyamus muticus L.). The virus has been characterized as an Indian isolate of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) based on non-persistent transmission by aphid, presence of 28-nm isometric particles, capsid protein of 26 K and(More)
Virus strains isolated from Ocimum sanctum and Zinnia elegans were identified as cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) strains on the basis of non-persistant aphid transmission, 28 nm particles, 26 kDa coat protein subunits and serological relationships with CMV and chrysanthemum aspermy virus. The strains showed some biological, serological and satellite RNA based(More)
Starting with an enriched alpha-amylase mRNA preparation, cDNA was synthesized by reverse transcription and was cloned at the Pst I site of plasmid vector pBR322 by the "G-C tailing" procedure. Clones containing alpha-amylase cDNA sequences were identified among the recombinant clones by in vitro translation of hybrid-selected mRNA followed by(More)
From a barley genomic library (partial Sau 3A digest of embryo DNA in X-Charon 35), we have isolated two different a-amylase genomic clones belonging to the high-pI family. Their identities were confirmed by hybridization to appropriate high-pI and low-pI a-amylase cDNA probes and by DNA sequencing. Figures 1 and 2 describe the DNA sequences of the(More)