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This study identifies by microautoradiography activated microglia/macrophages as the main cell type expressing the peripheral benzodiazepine binding site (PBBS) at sites of active CNS pathology. Quantitative measurements of PBBS expression in vivo obtained by PET and [(11)C](R)-PK11195 are shown to correspond to animal experimental and human post-mortem(More)
In rats, this study determined the impact of systemic hypoxia during late kainate-induced status epilepticus on hippocampal neuron loss and mossy fiber sprouting. Non-fasted Sprague Dawley rats were prepared as follows: Naive controls (n=5); rats placed 2 min in a hypoxia chamber (hypoxia only; n=6); rats that seized for more than 6 h from kainic acid(More)
Image segmentation and delineation is at the heart of modern radiotherapy, where the aim is to deliver as high a radiation dose as possible to a cancerous target whilst sparing the surrounding healthy tissues. This, of course, requires that a radiation oncologist dictates both where the tumour and any nearby critical organs are located. As well as in(More)
It is well known that observer variability during delineation and organ motion relative to set-up markers heavily contribute to errors accrued during the radiotherapy treatment planning process. Margins are placed around the delineated tumour volumes to account for this uncertainty, inevitably resulting in healthy tissue exposure with the associated(More)
We have studied the cytotoxic effects of recombinant tumour necrosis factor and recombinant gamma interferon on primary cultures of leukaemia cells. The agents were added alone or in a combination to cells from 17 patients. Eleven had acute myeloblastic leukaemia (6 at presentation, 5 at relapse), 4 had acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, one had hairy cell(More)
P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is an inducible transmembrane protein that functions as an ATP-dependent efflux pump. Pgp is normally expressed in two types of cells: specialized epithelial cells with secretory/excretory functions (e.g., proximal renal tubules) and specialized endothelial cells (e.g., the capillary endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier). In(More)
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