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Previous studies have revealed considerable interobserver and intraobserver variation in the histological classification of preinvasive cervical squamous lesions. The aim of the present study was to develop a decision support system (DSS) for the histological interpretation of these lesions. Knowledge and uncertainty were represented in the form of a(More)
Rapid and accurate delineation of target volumes and multiple organs at risk, within the enduring International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurement framework, is now hugely important in radiotherapy, owing to the rapid proliferation of intensity-modulated radiotherapy and the advent of four-dimensional image-guided adaption. Nevertheless,(More)
Accurate morphological classification of endometrial hyperplasia is crucial as treatments vary widely between the different categories of hyperplasia and are dependent, in part, on the histological diagnosis. However, previous studies have shown considerable inter-observer variation in the classification of endometrial hyperplasias. The aim of this study(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe the development and testing of a motion correction method for flat panel imager-based cone beam CT (CBCT) based on warping of projection images. METHODS Markers within or on the surface of the patient were tracked and their mean three-dimensional (3D) position calculated. The two-dimensional (2D) cone beam projection images were then(More)
The dysphagia encountered by patients with neurological disorders can be both distressing and life threatening because of the associated problems of aspiration. Decisions regarding management are often difficult because the exact nature of the underlying disorder varies from patient to patient and is frequently complex. A new approach to the assessment and(More)
Stimulated Raman scattering microscopy was used to assess the permeation of topically applied drugs and formulation excipients into porcine skin. This chemically selective technique generates high-resolution 3D images, from which semi-quantitative information may be elucidated. Ibuprofen, applied as a close-to-saturated solution in propylene glycol, was(More)
The effect of adding surface-active solutes to water being insonated at 515 kHz has been investigated by monitoring the acoustic emission from the solutions. At low concentrations (<3 mM), sodium dodecyl sulfate causes marked changes to the acoustic emission spectrum which can be interpreted in terms of preventing bubble coalescence and declustering of(More)
The acoustic emission from collapsing cavitation bubbles generated using ultrasound of 20 kHz and 515 kHz frequencies in water has been measured and correlated with sonoluminescence and hydroxyl radical production to yield further information on the frequency dependence of sonochemical reactions. A reasonable correlation was found, and the results suggest(More)