Gareth P Harris

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Biogenic amines modulate key behaviors in both vertebrates and invertebrates. In Caenorhabditis elegans, tyramine (TA) and octopamine (OA) inhibit aversive responses to 100%, but not dilute (30%) octanol. TA and OA also abolish food- and serotonin-dependent increases in responses to dilute octanol in wild-type but not tyra-3(ok325) and f14d12.6(ok371) null(More)
Serotonin modulates behavioral plasticity in both vertebrates and invertebrates and in Caenorhabditis elegans regulates key behaviors, including locomotion, aversive learning and olfaction through at least four different 5-HT receptors. In the present study, we examined the serotonergic stimulation of aversive responses to dilute octanol in animals(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) regulates key processes in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Previously, four 5-HT receptors that contributed to the 5-HT modulation of egg laying were identified in Caenorhabditis elegans. Therefore, to assess potential receptor interactions, we generated animals containing combinations of null alleles for each receptor, especially(More)
Monoamines and neuropeptides interact to modulate behavioral plasticity in both vertebrates and invertebrates. In Caenorhabditis elegans behavioral state or "mood" is dependent on food availability and is translated by both monoaminergic and peptidergic signaling in the fine-tuning of most behaviors. In the present study, we have examined the interaction of(More)
Pain modulation is complex, but noradrenergic signalling promotes anti-nociception, with α(2)-adrenergic agonists used clinically. To better understand the noradrenergic/peptidergic modulation of nociception, we examined the octopaminergic inhibition of aversive behaviour initiated by the Caenorhabditis elegans nociceptive ASH sensory neurons. Octopamine(More)
Nutritional state often modulates olfaction and in Caenorhabditis elegans food stimulates aversive responses mediated by the nociceptive ASH sensory neurons. In the present study, we have characterized the role of key serotonergic neurons that differentially modulate aversive behavior in response to changing nutritional status. The serotonergic NSM and ADF(More)
Food is critical for survival. Many animals, including the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, use sensorimotor systems to detect and locate preferred food sources. However, the signaling mechanisms underlying food-choice behaviors are poorly understood. Here, we characterize the molecular signaling that regulates recognition and preference between different(More)
Octopamine (OA) appears to function as the invertebrate counterpart of norepinephrine (NE) in the modulation of a number of key behaviors. In C. elegans, OA signaling is complex, mediated by at least three distinct α-adrenergic-like receptors and appears to activate more global peptidergic signaling cascades that have the potential to dramatically amplify(More)
UNLABELLED Sensory inputs are integrated extensively before decision making, with altered multisensory integration being associated with disorders such as autism. We demonstrate that the two C. elegans AIB interneurons function as a biphasic switch, integrating antagonistic, tonic, and acute inputs from three distinct pairs of sensory neurons to modulate(More)
Monoamines and neuropeptides interact to modulate key behaviors in most organisms. This review is focused on the interaction between octopamine (OA) and an array of neuropeptides in the inhibition of a simple, sensory-mediated aversive behavior in the C. elegans model system and describes the role of monoamines in the activation of global peptidergic(More)