Gareth Millward

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Britain's National Health Service (NHS) is a universal, single-payer health system in which the central state has been instrumental in ensuring equity. This article investigates why from the 1970s a policy to achieve equal access for equal need was implemented. Despite the founding principle that the NHS should "universalize the best," this was a(More)
Studies of transverse sections of osmiumand leadstained a-keratin in the electron microscope led to the suggestion (1) that the microfibril (about 75A in diameter) contained protofibrils about 20A in diameter . Johnson and Sikorski (2) criticized this conclusion on the grounds that the highresolution image of a microfibril in transverse section should not(More)
In 1965, the Disablement Income Group launched its National Disability Income campaign to fight for equal treatment of disabled people in the British social security system. By 1977, a series of benefits were created to cover the general population. Yet, despite the obvious political significance of these developments, very little research has focused on(More)
The Vaccine Damage Payments Act 1979 provided a lump-sum social security benefit to children who had become severely disabled as a result of vaccination. It came in the wake of a scare over the safety of the whooping cough (pertussis) vaccine. Yet very little has been written about it. Existing literature focuses more on the public health and medical(More)
In 1956, the British Ministry of Health instituted a vaccination programme against poliomyelitis, but run into myriad supply and administrative issues. When Coventry experienced an epidemic in 1957, it came to symbolise these problems. Throughout, it was claimed that the government lacked 'common sense'. This article explores how and why 'common sense' was(More)
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