Gareth J Sanger

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Neuropathic pain is associated with changes in the electrophysiological and neurochemical properties of injured primary afferent neurons. A mRNA differential display study in rat L(4/5) dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) revealed upregulation of the calcium channel alpha2delta-1 subunit 2 weeks after partial sciatic nerve ligation (Seltzer model of neuropathic(More)
Capsaicin, resiniferatoxin, protons or heat have been shown to activate an ion channel, termed the rat vanilloid receptor-1 (rVR1), originally isolated by expression cloning for a capsaicin sensitive phenotype. Here we describe the cloning of a human vanilloid receptor-1 (hVR1) cDNA containing a 2517 bp open reading frame that encodes a protein with 92%(More)
The peptide hormone ghrelin is known to be present within stomach and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in gut. Although reports suggest that gastric function may be modulated by ghrelin acting via the vagus nerve, the gastrointestinal distribution and functions of its receptor, the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), are not clear and may show signs(More)
1. The pharmacology of a novel 5-HT4 receptor antagonist, SB 204070 has been evaluated in the guinea-pig isolated distal colon longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus (LMMP). 2. SB 204070 is a highly potent antagonist of 5-HT-evoked cholinergically-mediated contractions in the guinea-pig distal colon. Low concentrations (10-100 pM) produced a shift to the(More)
The involvement of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 5-HT3 receptors in the mechanisms of severe emesis evoked by cytotoxic drugs or by total body irradiation have been studied in ferrets. Anti-emetic compounds tested were domperidone (a dopamine antagonist), metoclopramide (a gastric motility stimulant and dopamine antagonist at conventional doses, a 5-HT3(More)
5-HT4 receptors mediate several physiological effects of 5-HT, particularly in the central nervous system (CNS), heart and gut. Recently, several C-terminal splice variants of the human 5-HT4 (h5-HT4) receptor have been described, namely h5-HT4(a), h5-HT4(b), h5-HT4(c), h5-HT4(d) and h5-HT4(g). Previous tissue distribution data suggest some degree of(More)
1. Experiments were designed to characterize pharmacologically the contractile responses to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the guinea-pig isolated distal colon longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus preparation (LMMP). 2. In the presence of methiothepin (100 nM) and granisetron (1 microM), 5-HT (10 pM-10 nM) produced concentration-dependent contractile(More)
The past 20 years have seen notable advances in our understanding of the physiology and pharmacology of the emetic reflex leading to the identification of the anti-emetic effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) (5-HT(3)) and neurokinin(1) receptor (NK(1)) antagonists. The introduction of 5-HT(3) and NK(1) receptor antagonists into the clinic has had a major(More)
1. In the present study a novel 96-well plate assay system was used to characterize pharmacologically the vanilloid receptor in the dorsal spinal cord of the rat. When activated, this receptor stimulates release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) from the central terminals of the afferent nerves. 2. Capsaicin, resiniferatoxin (RTX) and olvanil each(More)