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Neuropathic pain is associated with changes in the electrophysiological and neurochemical properties of injured primary afferent neurons. A mRNA differential display study in rat L(4/5) dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) revealed upregulation of the calcium channel alpha2delta-1 subunit 2 weeks after partial sciatic nerve ligation (Seltzer model of neuropathic(More)
In ferrets, the selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 5-HT3 receptor antagonist BRL 43694 given as a single injection (0.05-0.5 mg kg-1 i.v.) before cisplatin, or by divided dose (2 x 0.005-2 x 0.5 mg kg-1 i.v.) before and after cisplatin dramatically reduced or abolished the severe cisplatin-induced vomiting. BRL 43694 also substantially reduced the(More)
1. In the present study a novel 96-well plate assay system was used to characterize pharmacologically the vanilloid receptor in the dorsal spinal cord of the rat. When activated, this receptor stimulates release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) from the central terminals of the afferent nerves. 2. Capsaicin, resiniferatoxin (RTX) and olvanil each(More)
The possibility that 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) acts as a key sensitising agent in the aetiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is reviewed. The strategic locations of 5-HT and its receptors are described, the most dominant being the 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 type. 5-HT, acting mostly at 5-HT3 or 5-HT3-like receptors, enhances the sensitivity of visceral neurones(More)
1. GABA(B1) receptor subunit knockout mice were generated and the effects of the GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, were evaluated within the peripheral nervous system (PNS) of wildtype (+/+), heterozygote (+/-) and knockout (-/-) animals. For this purpose, neuronally-mediated responses were evoked in both the isolated ileum and urinary bladder, using(More)
The past 20 years have seen notable advances in our understanding of the physiology and pharmacology of the emetic reflex leading to the identification of the anti-emetic effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) (5-HT(3)) and neurokinin(1) receptor (NK(1)) antagonists. The introduction of 5-HT(3) and NK(1) receptor antagonists into the clinic has had a major(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor agonists and antagonists were dosed intravenously (i.v.) and studied for their effects on the depressor cardiovascular pseudoaffective reflex evoked by acute noxious colo-rectal distension in the anaesthetized rat. Methiothepin (100 micrograms kg-1) caused an initial, unsustained blockade of evoked depressor responses(More)
Acute levels of distension were applied by balloon to the colo-rectal region in conscious rats and visceromotor responses observed as abdominal muscle contraction; the threshold was typically between 10-40 mmHg. In saline-pretreated rats, the selective 5-HT3 (granisetron) and 5-HT4 (SB-207266) receptor antagonists had no effects on the visceromotor(More)
The 5-HT(3) receptor is a member of the 'Cys-loop' family of ligand-gated ion channels that mediate fast excitatory and inhibitory transmission in the nervous system. Current evidence points towards native 5-HT(3) receptors originating from homomeric assemblies of 5-HT(3A) or heteromeric assembly of 5-HT(3A) and 5-HT(3B). Novel genes encoding 5-HT(3C),(More)
Rats lack the emetic reflex but exhibit pica in response to stimuli that induce emesis in species with an emetic reflex, hence it has been proposed that pica may be analogous to emesis in species lacking the reflex. In the present study, we investigated whether pica was present in Suncus murinus (with an emetic reflex) as well as in rats and mice (without(More)