Gareth C Payne

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Observational and microbiological data were collected from the patients and environment of a male general surgical ward over a period of 27 months from January 1998. Isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from patients and environment were typed by antibiogram, bacteriophage and pulsed field gel electrophoresis of chromosomal DNA. In(More)
Regional electrical impedance was used over eight sections of the human body (two thoracic; one abdominal; two thigh; two around the knee; and one lower leg) to determine the volume indifference point during passive head-up tilt in eight subjects. Head-up tilt was performed in 10 degrees increments from 0 degree to 60 degrees over 6 min. Electrical(More)
The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) is a practice-based, randomized, multicenter clinical trial in 42,419 high-risk hypertensive patients aged 55 years and older; 10,356 of these patients are also in a lipid-lowering trial component. The purpose of the antihypertensive component is to determine whether(More)
Head up and down tilts were used for manipulating the central blood volume in eight volunteers. During head-up tilt thoracic electrical impedance (TI) increased from 36.7 (33.9-52.1) ohm (mean and range) to 41.9 (36.9-59.2) ohm, heart rate from 60 (49-72) to 80 (65-90) beats min-1 (P < 0.05) and decreased again to 57 (48-67) beats min-1 accompanying a fall(More)
Transcranial Doppler ultrasound was used to measure middle cerebral arterial mean flow velocity (Vmean) on both sides of the brain in 12 subjects during hand contractions before and during regional anesthesia of the left arm. At rest Vmean was 49 (36-104) cm/s (median and range) and was unaffected by regional anesthesia. During right-hand contractions Vmean(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured at orbitomeatal (OM) plane +5.0 and +9.0 cm in 10 subjects at rest and during dynamic hand contractions before and after axillary blockade. Handgrip strength was significantly reduced, and rating of perceived exertion increased after blockade. During hand contractions before blockade, contralateral(More)
We write to report a rare case of unilateral cancer-associated retinopathy previously undocumented in the literature. Cancer-associated retinopathy is an uncommon paraneoplastic syndrome. It is characterised by retinal antigen autoantibodies causing rod and cone dysfunction and abnormal electroretinography findings with consequent progressive visual(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant, neurodegenerative movement disorder, typically characterized by chorea. Dystonia is also recognized as part of the HD motor phenotype, although little work detailing its prevalence, distribution, severity and impact on functional capacity has been published to date. METHODS(More)