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Visceral pain is the most common form of pain produced by disease and is thus of interest in the study of gastrointestinal (GI) complaints such as irritable bowel syndrome, in which sensory signals perceived as GI pain travel in extrinsic afferent neurones with cell bodies in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). The DRG from which the primary spinal afferent(More)
The gastrointestinal tract contains most of the body's 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and releases large amounts after meals or exposure to toxins. Increased 5-HT release occurs in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and their peak plasma 5-HT levels correlate with pain episodes. 5-HT(3) receptor antagonists reduce symptoms of IBS clinically, but their(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of the TRPV1 receptor to jejunal afferent sensitivity in the murine intestine. Multiunit activity was recorded in vitro from mesenteric afferents supplying segments of mouse jejunum taken from wild-type (WT) and TRPV1 knockout (TRPV1(-/-)) animals. In WT preparations, ramp distension of the gut (up(More)
Lumbar splanchnic (LSN) and sacral pelvic (PN) nerves convey different mechanosensory information from the colon to the spinal cord. Here we determined whether these pathways also differ in their chemosensitivity and receptor expression. Using an in vitro mouse colon preparation, individual primary afferents were tested with selective P2X and transient(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a multifactorial condition with principal symptoms of pain and altered bowel function. The kappa-opioid agonist asimadoline is being evaluated in Phase III as a potential treatment for IBS. Asimadoline, to date, has shown a good safety profile and the target Phase III population - diarrhea-predominant IBS patients with at(More)
Despite its beneficial effect in IBS patients, the mechanism of action of the 5-HT3 receptor (5-HT3R) antagonist alosetron is still incompletely understood. We aimed to characterize the effect and site(s) of action in a model of stress-induced sensitization of visceral nociception in rats. Adult male Wistar rats were equipped for recording of visceromotor(More)
Opioid receptors in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract mediate the effects of endogenous opioid peptides and exogenously administered opioid analgesics, on a variety of physiological functions associated with motility, secretion and visceral pain. The studies reviewed or reported here describe a range of in vivo activities of opioid receptor antagonists upon(More)
The presence of 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) receptors on enteric neurons is known from pharmacological data that date back more than 40 years. However, an adequate account of which neurons bear these receptors has not been made because suitable antisera have not been available. We have found that the majority of antisera that have been raised against sequences(More)
Vagal, spinal and intestino-fugal fibres all potentially transmit mechanosensory afferent information from the gastrointestinal tract. We aimed to characterize the relative mechanosensitivity of these three different afferent populations supplying the rat jejunum. Afferent nerve discharge was recorded from pentobarbitone-anaesthetized rats during different(More)
Increased cholinergic stimulation and accelerated gastrointestinal (GI) transit may be produced by direct stimulation of the acetylcholine (ACh) receptor with an appropriate agonist by increased release of ACh from cholinergic nerve terminals or by a decreased removal or breakdown of ACh within cholinergic synapses. The acetylcholinesterase inhibitor,(More)