Learn More
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a critical mediator of blood vessel formation during development and in pathological conditions. In this study, we demonstrate that VEGF bioavailability is regulated extracellularly by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) through intramolecular processing. Specifically, we show that a subset of MMPs can cleave(More)
Endocrine pancreatic beta cells require endothelial signals for their differentiation and function. However, the molecular basis for such signals remains unknown. Here, we show that beta cells, in contrast to the exocrine pancreatic cells, do not form a basement membrane. Instead, by using VEGF-A, they attract endothelial cells, which form capillaries with(More)
In vertebrates, beta cells are aggregated in the form of pancreatic islets. Within these islets, communication between beta cells inhibits basal insulin secretion and enhances glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, thus contributing to glucose homeostasis during fasting and feeding. In the search for the underlying molecular mechanism, we have discovered(More)
Over the past few years, scientists have realized that many cellular and developmental processes, including pancreatic beta-cell growth and differentiation, stem cell and progenitor cell proliferation and cancer cell metastasis, occur in what are known as 'vascular niches'. Despite increasing numbers of reports on these niches, few common mechanisms have(More)
The cardiovascular system is the first functional organ in the vertebrate embryo, and many organs start to develop adjacent to cells of the cardiovascular system. Endothelial cells (EC) form the inner cell lining of blood vessels and represent the major cell type that interacts with developing organs. On the one hand, EC provide organs with signals. These(More)
  • 1