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1. Calcium channel currents were recorded in Cs+-dialysed voltage-clamped single smooth muscle cells isolated from the guinea-pig taenia caeci to evaluate the current-carrying ability of Ca2+, Ba2+, Sr2+ and Mg2+ ions. 2. Ba2+ and Sr2+ ions, as well as Ca2+ ions, were able to carry an inward current through calcium channels. Calcium channel current was not(More)
1. Whole-cell and single-channel current recordings were used to study calcium channels in single smooth muscle cells isolated from guinea-pig coronary artery. Potassium currents were blocked by intracellular Cs+ ions. 2. Whole-cell currents were recorded with 10 mM-barium in the bath. Step pulses of 200 ms from a holding potential of -90 mV activated(More)
1. Calcium current (ICa) was studied in single isolated smooth muscle cells of a guinea-pig taenia caeci dialysed with Cs+-containing solution to suppress K+ outward current. 2. With increasing step depolarizations up to +10 mV, acceleration of ICa inactivation was observed. With further increase of step depolarization, ICa inactivation was slowed down. The(More)
Cytoplasmic calcium increments in the absence of sarco (endo) plasmic reticulum function were measured with a low-affinity fluorophore Indo-1FF in single isolated smooth muscle cells from guinea-pig urinary bladder. To evaluate the Ca(2+)-buffering properties of the myoplasm, Ca2+ influx, measured as time integral of the Ica (integral of Ica), was compared(More)
A single glass micropipette voltage-clamp technique was used to study a potential-dependent calcium inward current in isolated smooth muscle cells of the guinea-pig taenia caeci. Experiments were performed at 22-24 degrees C. With potassium as the main cation in the pipette solution, a transient inward current appeared in response to a depolarizing pulse,(More)
1. Voltage-clamped isolated smooth muscle cells from guinea-pig urinary bladder were studied with 3.6 mM extracellular Ca2+ at 36 degrees C. The fluorescence of the Ca(2+)-sensitive dye Indo-1 was used to monitor the cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and its changes ([Ca2+]i transient). Fast application of caffeine (10 mM) to the cell was used to(More)
1. Vascular smooth muscle cells were isolated from the coronary artery of the guinea-pig. At 2.5 mM [Ca2+]o and 36 degrees C, whole cell membrane currents were recorded under voltage-clamp and the concentration of ionized calcium in the cytoplasm ([Ca2+]i) was monitored by indo-1 fluorescence. 2. At -60 mV, [Ca2+]i was 143 +/- 36 mM (mean +/- S.D.) and was(More)
The rise in free cytosolic calcium was studied by a combination of the techniques of microspectrofluorometry and whole-cell patch clamp. By comparing the membrane currents with their effect on [Ca2+]c, the relative importance of Ca2+ influx could be quantified for both L-type Ca2+ channels and non-selective channels activated by extracellular ATP.
1. Increments in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration (delta[Ca2+]c) were measured in single smooth muscle cells from guinea-pig coronary artery together with the density of peak Ca2+ currents (ICa) in response to clamp steps from -50 to 0 mV. The comparison of depolarization- with caffeine-induced delta[Ca2+]c was used to define the efficacy by which ICa can(More)
1. Whole-cell Ca2+ channel currents were studied in myocytes isolated from guinea-pig circumflex coronary artery at 36 degrees C and with 10 mM-Ba2+ (or Ca2+) as charge carrier. With 180 ms clamp steps from the holding potential of -100 mV, currents at -30 mV were carried mostly through the T-type calcium channels while at positive potentials currents were(More)