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Many proteins have been proposed to act as surrogate markers of organ damage, yet for many candidates the essential biomarker characteristics that link the protein to the injured organ have not yet been described. We generated an Ngal reporter mouse by inserting a double-fusion reporter gene encoding luciferase-2 and mCherry (Luc2-mC) into the Ngal (Lcn2)(More)
We report here a class of thiazolidine-2,4-diones and 2-thioxothiazolidin-4-ones as potent inhibitors of the lymphoid specific tyrosine phosphatase (Lyp) identified from high throughput screens. Chemical modification by incorporating the known phosphotyrosine (pTyr) mimics led to the discovery of a salicylate-based inhibitor with submicromolar potency.
The lymphoid tyrosine phosphatase (Lyp, PTPN22) is a critical negative regulator of T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the ptpn22 gene correlates with the incidence of various autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Since the disease-associated(More)
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a novel target for the treatment of hypertension and vascular inflammation. A new class of potent non-urea sEH inhibitors was identified via high throughput screening (HTS) and chemical modification. IC(50)s of the most potent compounds range from micromolar to low nanomolar.
Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of 5-chloropyridine ester-derived severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus chymotrypsin-like protease inhibitors is described. Position of the carboxylate functionality is critical to potency. Inhibitor 10 with a 5-chloropyridinyl ester at position 4 of the indole ring is the most potent inhibitor(More)
We describe here a series of N-(quinolin-8-yl)benzenesulfonamides capable of suppressing the NFkappaB pathway identified from two high-throughput screens run at two centers of the NIH Molecular Libraries Initiative. These small molecules were confirmed in both primary and secondary assays of NFkappaB activation and expanded upon through analogue synthesis.(More)
A quinazoline that decreases polyglutamine aggregate burden in a cell-based assay was identified from a high-throughput screen of a chemical-compound library, provided by the NIH Molecular Libraries Small Molecule Repository (MLSMR). A structure and activity study yielded leads with submicromolar potency.
An enantioselective first total synthesis and structural revision of the cytotoxic natural product amphidinolide W is described. We initially investigated a ring-closing metathesis based synthetic strategy to form the 12-membered macrocycle. This strategy was unsuccessful as it led to formation of a 17-membered macrocycle. Subsequently, we explored an(More)
An enantioselective first total syntheis of amphidinolide W (2) and a revision of its C6 absolute stereochemistry (1) are described. Amphidinolide W (1), a 12-membered macrolide isolated from Amphidinium sp., has shown potent antitumor properties against a variety of NCI tumor cell lines. The synthesis is convergent, and four of the five chiral centers were(More)