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A thermodynamic analogy allows bibliometric research assessment of information production processes to be based on a scalar indicator which is an energy-like term called exergy. Derived from standard indicators like impact, citations and number of papers, the exergy indicator X is a multiplicative product of quality and quantity of a scientist’s or group’s(More)
In this comment, we re-evaluate an example using a “thermodynamic” paradigm to show how bibliometrics can incorporate normalization into the evaluative process. The motivation for this is the recent exchange in the pages of this journal from two groups that have taken different positions on how normalization should be done.