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microRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of negative regulators that take part in many processes such as growth and development, stress responses, and metabolism in plants. Recently, miRNAs were shown to function in plant nutrient metabolism. Moreover, several miRNAs were identified in the response to nitrogen (N) deficiency. To investigate the functions of other(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) have been shown to play important roles in multiple ways in all stages of cancer initiation and development. Single nucleotide polymorphisms identified in the promoters of MMP2 (-1306C-->T) and TIMP2 (-418G-->C) abolish the Sp1-binding site and thus may down-regulate(More)
Sulfur is a macronutrient that is necessary for plant growth and development. Sulfate, a major source of sulfur, is taken up by plant roots and transported into various tissues for assimilation. During sulfate limitation, expression of miR395 is significantly up-regulated. miR395 targets two families of genes, ATP sulfurylases (encoded by APS genes) and(More)
Network monitoring and diagnosis are key to improving network performance. The difficulties of performance monitoring lie in today’s fast growing Internet, accompanied by increasingly heterogeneous and unregulated structures. Moreover, these tasks become even harder since one cannot rely on the collaboration of individual routers and servers to directly(More)
Adenosine diphosphate ribosyl transferase (ADPRT) and X-ray repair cross-complementing 1 (XRCC1) are two major DNA base excision repair (BER) proteins and act interactively in stimulating and executing BER processes. Polymorphisms of ADPRT Val762Ala and XRCC1 Arg399Gln have been associated with altered protein function and BER activity. This case-control(More)
The precise control of gene regulation, and hence, correct spatiotemporal tissue patterning, is crucial for plant development. Plant microRNAs can constrain the expression of their target genes at posttranscriptional levels. Recently, microRNA396 (miR396) has been characterized to regulate leaf development by mediating cleavage of its GROWTH-REGULATING(More)
Variation in DNA repair capacity, which is believed to be largely determined by genetic traits, is linked to risk of certain cancers. The Asp312Asn and Lys751Gln polymorphisms in the xeroderma pigmentosum complementary group D (XPD) gene may alter DNA repair capacity. We thus examined the hypothesis that these 2 XPD polymorphisms are associated with risk of(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in several steps of cancer development. A single nucleotide polymorphism (-1306C-->T) in the MMP2 promoter sequence disrupts an Sp1 site and thus results in strikingly lower promoter activity. We examined the relationship between this polymorphism and risk for lung cancer in 781 cases and 852 age- and(More)