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The phosphotyrosine interaction domain containing 1 (PID1) gene was firstly isolated from obese subjects and involved in obesity-associated insulin resistance. In the present study, Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire (DLY) pig PID1 cDNA was cloned. The entire open reading frame of the cloned porcine PID1 is 654 bp. The predicted protein is composed of 217 amino acids(More)
Sulfur amino acids (SAA), particularly methionine and cysteine, are critical for the gut to maintain its functions including the digestion, absorption and metabolism of nutrients, the immune surveillance of the intestinal epithelial layer and regulation of the mucosal response to foreign antigens. However, the metabolism of SAA in the gut, specifically the(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease and its incidence is rising worldwide. We compared the antioxidant capacity of seventeen flavonoids with their inhibitory effects on oleic acid-induced triglyceride (TG) over-accumulation in HepG2 cells. The results showed significant correlations (P < 0.01) between the inhibition of(More)
This study aimed to examine the effect of pea fiber (PF) and wheat bran fiber (WF) supplementation in rat metabolism. Rats were assigned randomly to one of three dietary groups and were given a basal diet containing 15% PF, 15% WF, or no supplemental fiber. Urine and plasma samples were analyzed by NMR-based metabolomics. PF significantly increased the(More)
The fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene plays an important role in adipogenesis. However, its function during porcine intramuscular preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation remains poorly understood. In this study, we prepared the antiserum against porcine FTO (pFTO), which was used to determine its subcellular localization and tissue(More)
Flavonoids often show inconsistent antioxidant activities (AAs) depending on the assay used. The electrochemical properties of 14 flavonoid standards in cyclic voltammetry [area under anodic wave (Q) and oxidant peak potentials (Epa)] and the structural parameters [bond dissociation enthalpy (BDE) and ionization potential (IP)] were investigated. They were(More)
Akirin2 is a recently discovered gene that is involved in innate immune response. In this study, the porcine Akirin2 gene was cloned. The full-length coding sequence (CDS) of porcine Akirin2 consists of 612 bp and encodes 203 amino acids with a molecular mass of 22493 kD. The homology tree analysis showed that the pig Akirin2 has closer genetic(More)
This study aims to investigate the effect of zearalenone supplementation on rat metabolism. Rats received biweekly intragastric administration of zearalenone mycotoxin (3 mg/kg body weight) for 2 weeks. Urine and plasma samples after zearalenone administration were analyzed by NMR-based metabolomics. Zearalenone exposure significantly elevated the plasma(More)
Insulin resistance is a clinical condition that is characterized by reducing glucose uptake in response to insulin. A major factor in the development of insulin resistance syndrome is obesity. NYGGF4 is a novel gene that is abundantly expressed in the adipose tissue of obese subjects. NYGGF4 induced the secretion of FFAs and TNF-α and caused mitochondrial(More)
Many plant and animal viruses counteract RNA silencing-mediated defense by encoding diverse RNA silencing suppressors. We characterized HVT063, a multifunctional protein encoded by turkey herpesvirus (HVT), as a silencing suppressor in coinfiltration assays with green fluorescent protein transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana line 16c. Our results indicated that(More)