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A complex chromosome rearrangement (CCR) involving chromosomes 7, 8, and 13 was detected in a phenotypically normal woman ascertained through her mentally retarded son with abnormal phenotype. He had a karyotype with 47 chromosomes including an extra der(13). In initial banding studies the CCR in the mother was interpreted as a three-way translocation.(More)
BACKGROUND Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important nosocomial pathogen. It can also cause community-acquired infections. Indian reports about MRSA in community-acquired infections are rare. AIM To evaluate the rate of MRSA in community-acquired pyoderma and the nasal colonisation with S. aureus in such patients. METHODS Two(More)
This paper outlines the prevalence of developmental delay in children and discusses the recent literature regarding the benefits of early identification and evidence based strategies for developmental surveillance and screening. We describe a systematic approach to the child with developmental delay and the optimal methodology for arriving at the etiologic(More)
Williams syndrome is a genetic disorder linked to cognitive and behavioral patterns of varying consistency; this study was conducted to clarify further the strengths and weaknesses of children with Williams syndrome. Fifteen subjects with the characteristic features of Williams syndrome were evaluated using the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale for(More)
We report a unique and complex karyotypic rearrangement involving chromosomes X, 3, 7, and 21. Blood cells and fibroblasts from the proband do not express the maternal allele for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), providing biochemical evidence for nonrandom expression of X-linked genes in balanced X-autosome translocations. The break point on the X(More)
Small marker chromosomes (SMC) associated with severe Turner syndrome (TS) variants often represent reduced X chromosomes lacking the X inactivation center (XIC), perturbed dosage compensation, and unbalanced gene expression. A TS patient with mental retardation (MR), unusually short stature, facial and limb malformations, and karyotypic mosaicism involving(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a progressive demyelinating disorder whose neurological signs and symptoms can manifest in childhood as cerebral ALD or in adulthood in the form of a progressive myelopathy (AMN). The consistent metabolic abnormality in all forms of X-ALD is an inherited defect in the peroxisomal beta-oxidation of very long chain(More)
Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare inherited bone marrow-failure syndrome characterized by abnormal skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy, and mucosal leukoplakia. More than 80% of patients develop bone-marrow failure, and this is the major cause of premature death. The X-linked form of the disease (MIM 305000) has been shown to be caused by mutations in the DKC1(More)
Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes are clinically distinct neurobehavioral disorders most commonly resulting from large deletions of chromosome 15q11-q13. The deletions arise differentially during maternal or paternal gametogenesis, respectively. A subgroup of patients with either syndrome have no apparent deletion, and because many such patients with(More)