Ganesh N. Pandian

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Recent scientific breakthroughs in stem cell biology suggest that a sustainable treatment approach to cure diabetes mellitus (DM) can be achieved in the near future. However, the transplantation complexities and the difficulty in obtaining the stem cells from adult cells of pancreas, liver, bone morrow and other cells is a major concern. The epoch-making(More)
The influential role of the epigenome in orchestrating genome-wide transcriptional activation instigates the demand for the artificial genetic switches with distinct DNA sequence recognition. Recently, we developed a novel class of epigenetically active small molecules called SAHA-PIPs by conjugating selective DNA binding pyrrole-imidazole polyamides (PIPs)(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) could be generated by a single gene Oct4 and chemical compounds, in which exogenous expression of Oct4 was indispensable for reprogramming. Recent advances in chemical-mediated cellular reprogramming suggest that small molecules alone (i.e. without Yamanaka factors) can successfully establish iPSCs from mouse somatic(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is associated with increased oxidative stress and inflammation. Mammalian 14-3-3 proteins are dimeric phosphoserine-binding proteins that participate in signal transduction and regulate several aspects of cellular biochemistry. The aim of the study presented here was to clarify the role of 14-3-3 protein in the mitogen activated(More)
The epithelial cell membrane 252-kDa protein (P252) isolated in our laboratory from Bombyx mori midgut was shown to bind strongly with Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, and Cry1Ac toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis (15). In the current paper, P252 was shown to bind with chlorophyllide (Chlide) to form red fluorescent protein (RFP) complex, termed Bm252RFP, with absorbance and(More)
Four new alkylating N-methylpyrrole-N-methylimidazole (PI) polyamide conjugates (1-4) with seven-base-pair (bp) recognition ability were synthesized. Evaluation of their DNA-alkylating activity clearly showed accurate alkylation at match site(s). The cytotoxicities of conjugates 1-4 were determined against six human cancer cell lines, and the effect of(More)
Cellular reprogramming involves profound alterations in genome-wide gene expression that is precisely controlled by a hypothetical epigenetic code. Small molecules have been shown to artificially induce epigenetic modifications in a sequence independent manner. Recently, we showed that specific DNA binding hairpin pyrrole-imidazole polyamides (PIPs) could(More)
P252, a 252-kDa Bombyx mori protein located on the larval midgut membrane, has been shown to bind strongly with Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A toxins (Hossain et al. Appl Environ Microbiol 70:4604-4612, 2004). P252 was also shown to bind chlorophyllide (Chlide) to form red fluorescence-emitting complex Bm252RFP with significant antimicrobial activity (Pandian(More)
Adult mammals possess limited ability to regenerate their lost tissues or organs. The epoch-making strategy of inducing pluripotency in somatic cells incorporates multiple applications in regenerative medicine. However, concerns about the clinical translation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells still exist because of the occurrence of aberrancies, even(More)
Epigenetic modifications that govern the gene expression are often overlooked with the design of artificial genetic switches. N-Methylpyrrole-N-methylimidazole (PI) hairpin polyamides are programmable small DNA binding molecules that have been studied in the context of gene regulation. Recently, we synthesized a library of compounds by conjugating PI(More)