Learn More
BACKGROUND Human cytochrome P450 2A13 (CYP2A13) is involved in the activation of numerous toxicants and carcinogens, especially in the metabolic activation of 4-(methyl-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), a major tobacco-specific carcinogen. A functionally significant coding single nucleotide polymorphism (C3375T) in exon 5 of CYP2A13, which(More)
1. The calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporine is widely used to prevent allograft rejection after solid organ transplantation. It has a narrow therapeutic index and shows considerable interindividual differences in its pharmacokinetics. Interindividual differences in the activity and expression of the metabolising enzymes cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and 3A5 and(More)
BACKGROUND Both atorvastatin and rifampicin are substrates of OATP1B1 (organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1) encoded by SLCO1B1 gene. Rifampicin is a potent inhibitor of SLCO1B1 (IC50 1.5 umol/l) and SLCO1B1 521T>C functional genetic polymorphism alters the kinetics of atorvastatin in vivo. We hypothesize that rifampicin might influence atorvastatin(More)
BACKGROUND PPIs are widely used in peptic diseases, and this paper is to investigate the kinetic characteristics of a new PPI ilaprazole in Chinese healthy subjects and the association with CYP3A5 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms. METHODS 21 subjects were selected and treated with 10mg ilaprazole according to their CYP3A5*3 genotypes (including 7 of CYP3A5*1/*1,(More)
OBJECTIVE St John's wort, an extract of the medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum, is widely used as an herbal antidepressant. Although the ability of St John's wort to induce cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4-mediated reaction has been well established, the effect on CYP2C19 is still not determined. Thus the objective of this study was to determine the impact of St(More)
To determine the frequencies of CYP3A4 alleles (CYP3A4*4,*5 and *6) in Chinese hyperlipidemic patients and to observe the impact of CYP3A4*4 (Ile118Val) genetic polymorphism on the lipid-lowering effects of simvastatin and on the activity of CYP3A4. From hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients, 211 unrelated hyperlipidemic patients were recruited for(More)
1. Quercetin, one of the most abundant natural flavonoids, has been reported to modulate the activity of several drug-metabolising enzymes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of quercetin on cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, CYP2A6, N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) and xanthine oxidase (XO) activity in healthy volunteers using caffeine as a(More)
We examined the osteoblast/osteocyte expression and function of polycystin-1 (PC1), a transmembrane protein that is a component of the polycystin-2 (PC2)-ciliary mechano-sensor complex in renal epithelial cells. We found that MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts and MLO-Y4 osteocytes express transcripts for PC1, PC2, and the ciliary proteins Tg737 and Kif3a.(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to determine whether the Gly389 polymorphism of the beta(1)-adrenergic receptor exhibits reduced responsiveness in vivo and to test the hypothesis that the Gly389Arg polymorphism affects the blood pressure and heart rate response to metoprolol. METHODS beta(1)-Adrenergic receptor genotype was determined by polymerase chain(More)
OBJECTIVES The human beta(1)-adrenergic receptor, an important therapeutic target in cardiovascular diseases, has 2 common functional polymorphisms (Ser49Gly and Gly389Arg). Our study aimed to confirm that beta(1)-adrenergic receptor polymorphisms affect the blood pressure response to metoprolol monotherapy in the Chinese population with hypertension. (More)