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OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to determine whether the Gly389 polymorphism of the beta(1)-adrenergic receptor exhibits reduced responsiveness in vivo and to test the hypothesis that the Gly389Arg polymorphism affects the blood pressure and heart rate response to metoprolol. METHODS beta(1)-Adrenergic receptor genotype was determined by polymerase chain(More)
1. Quercetin, one of the most abundant natural flavonoids, has been reported to modulate the activity of several drug-metabolising enzymes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of quercetin on cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, CYP2A6, N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) and xanthine oxidase (XO) activity in healthy volunteers using caffeine as a(More)
BACKGROUND PPIs are widely used in peptic diseases, and this paper is to investigate the kinetic characteristics of a new PPI ilaprazole in Chinese healthy subjects and the association with CYP3A5 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms. METHODS 21 subjects were selected and treated with 10mg ilaprazole according to their CYP3A5*3 genotypes (including 7 of CYP3A5*1/*1,(More)
1. The calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporine is widely used to prevent allograft rejection after solid organ transplantation. It has a narrow therapeutic index and shows considerable interindividual differences in its pharmacokinetics. Interindividual differences in the activity and expression of the metabolising enzymes cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and 3A5 and(More)
PURPOSE To assess the impacts of erythromycin on the pharmacokinetics of voriconazole and its association with CYP2C19 genotypes in healthy Chinese male subjects. METHODS A single-center, open, crossover clinical study with two treatment phases was carried out. Eighteen healthy male volunteers, including 6 CYP2C19 homozygous extensive metabolizers (EMs,(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the linkage between SNPs in exon 12 (C1236T), exon 21 (G2677T/A) and exon 26 (C3435T) of MDR1, and explored the effect of linked polymorphism on the absorption of talinolol after a single oral dose of 100 mg. METHODS The genotype of 192 healthy Chinese volunteers was determined using PCR-RFLP with respect to the MDR1 alleles of(More)
OBJECTIVE St John's wort, an extract of the medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum, is widely used as an herbal antidepressant. Although the ability of St John's wort to induce cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4-mediated reaction has been well established, the effect on CYP2C19 is still not determined. Thus the objective of this study was to determine the impact of St(More)
AIMS We aimed to determine whether NeuroD1/BETA2 and PAX4 polymorphisms were associated with the therapeutic efficacy of repaglinide in Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS Three hundred and sixty-eight T2DM patients and 132 healthy control subjects were genotyped by restriction fragment length polymorphism. Forty-three patients with(More)
We examined the osteoblast/osteocyte expression and function of polycystin-1 (PC1), a transmembrane protein that is a component of the polycystin-2 (PC2)-ciliary mechano-sensor complex in renal epithelial cells. We found that MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts and MLO-Y4 osteocytes express transcripts for PC1, PC2, and the ciliary proteins Tg737 and Kif3a.(More)
BACKGROUND Both atorvastatin and rifampicin are substrates of OATP1B1 (organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1) encoded by SLCO1B1 gene. Rifampicin is a potent inhibitor of SLCO1B1 (IC50 1.5 umol/l) and SLCO1B1 521T>C functional genetic polymorphism alters the kinetics of atorvastatin in vivo. We hypothesize that rifampicin might influence atorvastatin(More)