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Can individual cells, including live cells, be imaged using hard x rays? Common wisdom until now required sophisticated staining techniques for this task. We show instead that individual cells and cell details can be detected in culture solution and tissues with no staining and no other contrast-enhancing preparation. The sample examined can be much thicker(More)
Near infrared (NIR) absorbing Au-Au(2)S nanoparticles were modified with surfactants of different hydrocarbon chain lengths to allow loading of anticancer drug, cisplatin. The interfacial interactions and surfactant chain length effects on drug loading, optical properties and cytotoxicity were discussed in this work. Short-chain surfactants were oriented(More)
The safety and toxicity of nanoparticles are of growing concern despite their significant scientific interests and promising potentials in many applications. The properties of nanoparticles depend not only on the size but also the structure, microstructure and surface coating. These in turn are controlled by the synthesis and processing conditions. The(More)
Recognition of antigens by immunocompetent cells involves interactions that are specific to the chemical sequence and conformation of the epitope (antigenic determinant). Adjuvants that are currently used to enhance immunity to antigens tend to either alter the antigen conformation through surface adsorption or shield potentially critical determinants,(More)
This paper reports the synthesis of high quality LiYF4, BaYF5, and NaLaF4 nanocrystals by high-temperature co-decomposition of precursors in organic solvents. Their bulk counterparts have long been used as efficient luminescent hosts for various applications including lasers, upconversion fluorescence, and quantum cutters. The particles were characterized(More)
The effects of TiN-ZrO₂ intermediate layer on the microstructures and magnetic properties of FePt films were investigated. The TiN-ZrO2 intermediate layer was granular consisting of grains of solid solution of Ti(Zr)ON segregated by amorphous ZrO₂. By doping ZrO₂ into TiN intermediate layer, the FePt grains became better isolated from each other and the(More)
Monodisperse magnetic nanoparticles are of great scientific and technical interests. This paper reports a single-step synthesis of monodisperse magnetite nanoparticles with particle size of 8 nm. Iron/maghaemite core/shell nanoparticles with particle size of 11 nm were obtained by reducing the concentration of oleylamine. TEM and in-situ FTIR results(More)
The effects of long-range and short-range orders of Ti underlayer thickness on the magnetic properties of sputtered Co72 Cr21 Pt7 films were investigated using synchrotron X-ray scattering and X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy. The results were consistent with that of magnetic measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. For thin Ti(More)
Targeted drug delivery has been one of the most important biomedical applications for magnetic particles. Such applications require magnetic particles to have functionalized surfaces/surface coatings that facilitate their incorporation into a polymer matrix to produce a polymer composite. In this paper, nanocrystalline nickel ferrite particles with an oleic(More)