Gan Moog Chow

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Can individual cells, including live cells, be imaged using hard x rays? Common wisdom until now required sophisticated staining techniques for this task. We show instead that individual cells and cell details can be detected in culture solution and tissues with no staining and no other contrast-enhancing preparation. The sample examined can be much thicker(More)
An unusual distribution of particle sizes has been observed following the formation of molybdenum particles by argon ion sputtering. Many of the molybdenum particles produced by sputtering at the threshold pressure for particle formation in the vapor appear to be single crystalline cubes. There are two prominent peaks in the edge length distribution of the(More)
Near infrared (NIR) absorbing Au-Au(2)S nanoparticles were modified with surfactants of different hydrocarbon chain lengths to allow loading of anticancer drug, cisplatin. The interfacial interactions and surfactant chain length effects on drug loading, optical properties and cytotoxicity were discussed in this work. Short-chain surfactants were oriented(More)
Monodisperse magnetic nanoparticles are of great scientific and technical interests. This paper reports a single-step synthesis of monodisperse magnetite nanoparticles with particle size of 8 nm. Iron/maghaemite core/shell nanoparticles with particle size of 11 nm were obtained by reducing the concentration of oleylamine. TEM and in-situ FTIR results(More)
This paper reports the synthesis of high quality LiYF4, BaYF5, and NaLaF4 nanocrystals by high-temperature co-decomposition of precursors in organic solvents. Their bulk counterparts have long been used as efficient luminescent hosts for various applications including lasers, upconversion fluorescence, and quantum cutters. The particles were characterized(More)
The effects of TiN-ZrO₂ intermediate layer on the microstructures and magnetic properties of FePt films were investigated. The TiN-ZrO2 intermediate layer was granular consisting of grains of solid solution of Ti(Zr)ON segregated by amorphous ZrO₂. By doping ZrO₂ into TiN intermediate layer, the FePt grains became better isolated from each other and the(More)
Strain engineering is an effective way to modify functional properties of thin films. Recently, the importance of octahedral rotations in pervoskite films has been recognized in discovering and designing new functional phases. Octahedral behavior of SrRuO3 film as a popular electrode in heterostructured devices is of particular interest for its probable(More)
The effects of long-range and short-range orders of Ti underlayer thickness on the magnetic properties of sputtered Co72 Cr21 Pt7 films were investigated using synchrotron X-ray scattering and X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy. The results were consistent with that of magnetic measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. For thin Ti(More)
Magnetic nanoparticles attract increasing attention because of their current and potential biomedical applications, such as, magnetically targeted and controlled drug delivery, magnetic hyperthermia and magnetic extraction. Increased magnetization can lead to improved performance in targeting and retention in drug delivery and a higher efficiency in(More)