Gamal Shams

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A series of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) [S(+)-naproxen, ibuprofen isomers, and indomethacin] were evaluated for their activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma isoforms in CV-1 cells co-transfected with rat PPAR alpha and gamma, and peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE)-luciferase reporter(More)
1. A series of dimethoxy and methylenedioxy analogs of trimetoquinol (TMQ) and structurally related 7-membered ring benzazepines (BA) were evaluated for their pharmacological effects in beta-adrenergic (atria, trachea) and thromboxane A2/prostaglandin H2 receptor systems (aorta, platelets). 2. Results show that both the 6,7-dihydroxy (catechol) moiety of(More)
The synthesis and the biological evaluation of a new series of medetomidine analogs are reported. The substitution pattern at the phenyl ring of the tetralin analogs had a distinct influence on the alpha 2-adrenoceptor binding affinity. 4-Methylindan analog 6 was the most potent alpha 2-adrenoceptor binding ligand among these 4-substituted imidazoles, and(More)
The isothiocyanate analog (IBI) of tolazoline produced contraction of the rat aortic strip, with an ED50 value of 1.63 x 10(-5) M. The maximum contraction of the analog was nearly equal to that of tolazoline or phenylephrine. At 27 degrees C the tissue reactivity of phenylephrine and IBI was similar. When compared at equiactive concentrations, the total(More)
The concentration-dependent effects of clonidine, isomers of epinephrine, norepinephrine (NE), isoproterenol, cobefrin and alpha-methyldopamine, and related desoxy analogs (epinine, dopamine, N-isopropyldopamine) were examined on human platelets. The rank order of aggregatory potency (pD2 values) was R(-)-epinephrine (6.3) greater than R(-)-NE (5.9) greater(More)
Increased metabolic rates, pulmonary hypertension and cardiac dysfunction are the most important features of the ascites syndrome in broiler chickens. However, the mechanism of cell injury causing the pathogenesis of the syndrome is not clearly understood. Our study aimed to examine the generation of hydroxyl radicals (OH*) in broiler chickens experiencing(More)
Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is a bioactive metabolite of arachidonic acid which produces vascular smooth muscle contraction and blood platelet aggregation. The goal of this study is to establish whether there are age-dependent differences of vascular contractility to TXA2. Thoracic aorta of F-344 rats of age 4-6 months (young) and 22-23 months (old) were used as(More)
Recently discovered 6,7-disubstituted quinoxaline-2,3-diones, 1, have been found to antagonize specific binding and functional responses to both alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) and kainic acid. Although a variety of studies have analyzed the activity of quinoxaline-2,3-diones with various substitutions at positions 6 and 7, there(More)
The R- and S-isomers of 3,5-dinitro-o-tyrosine (6a,b) have been synthesized through the use of chemoenzymatic synthesis and shown to bind differentially with the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropanoic acid (AMPA, 3) receptors. The phenolic functional group of these o-tyrosine analogues was designed to act as a bioisostere of the gamma-carboxyl(More)
The beta-adrenoceptor activities of trimetoquinol (TMQ) isomers and selected derivatives were evaluated on human beta-adrenoceptor subtypes expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. In cAMP accumulation assays, (-)-TMQ was 214-, 281-, and 776-fold more potent than (+)-TMQ at stimulating beta(1)-, beta(2)-, and beta(3)-adrenoceptor subtypes, respectively. In(More)