Gamal H. El-Sokkary

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Cardiac arrhythmias during ischemia/reperfusion are believed to be related to free radicals generated in the heart especially during the period of reperfusion. Since melatonin functions as a free radical scavenger and antioxidant, the ability of this molecule to influence cardiac arrhythmias was investigated. The pineal secretory product, melatonin, reduced(More)
The tropical parasite Schistosoma mansoni causes granulomatous inflammation after its eggs lodge in hepatic portal capillaries. In vitro studies indicate that the host's response involves the production of reactive oxygen species, although whether this occurs in vivo at the site of the infection is unknown. The role of oxidative processes in mice infected(More)
The chief pineal secretory product, melatonin, is an efficient free radical scavenger and antioxidant. The current study tested whether the life-long reduction of endogenous melatonin levels due to pinealectomy would influence the accumulation of oxidatively damaged products as the animals aged. Rats were either pinealectomized or sham operated when they(More)
In this investigation, 40 mg/kg of the excitatory neurotoxin kainic acid (KA) was subcutaneously administered to CD2-F1 mice. In this mouse strain morphological damage induced by KA in the hippocampus was markedly concentrated in the CA3 pyramidal neurons. Neuronal injury was accompanied by several pathological neurobehavioral activities including arching(More)
The in vivo and in vitro effects of melatonin on quinolinic acid-induced oxidative damage in rat brain were determined. The concentrations of malonaldehyde and 4-hydroxyalkenals were assayed as an index of oxidatively damaged lipid. In in vitro experiments, the increase in malonaldehyde and 4-hydroxyalkenals concentrations induced by quinolinic acid were(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the potential protective effect of melatonin against the hepatic and renal toxicity of lead in male rats. Three groups of animals were used in this study (control, lead acetate-treated (100 mg/kg), and lead acetate plus melatonin (10 mg/kg) for 30 days. Levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO) products, superoxide(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was aimed to investigate: (1) the neurotoxic oxidative damage of orally administered aluminum chloride (AlCl3) in rabbits (Biochemical and morphopathological studies). (2) The effect of melatonin as an antioxidant and free radical scavenger on oxidative neuropathic changes. METHODS Thirty-five male rabbits were divided into 4(More)
The oxidative damage and morphological changes of kidneys of rats exposed to cadmium (5 mg Cd /kg b.w) for 22 days and the protection using melatonin (10 mg/kg b.w) against cadmium toxicity was studied. Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration as a lipid peroxidation indicator, activity of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the concentration(More)
OBJECTIVES 2-Nitropropane (2-NP) is mutagenic in a number of short-term mutagenicity assays in vitro and in vivo, and is a potent hepatocarcinogen in rats. Many studies have determined that differences in the metabolism and disposition of the chemicals that produce mutagenicity were not responsible for their observed carcinogenic differences, but that(More)
Zymosan, a non-bacterial agent, causes inflammation by inducing the production of a variety of cytokines and pro-inflammatory mediators, wherein reactive oxygen species including nitric oxide and peroxynitrite are known to play a crucial role in the inflammatory process. The current study was designed to investigate the protective effect of melatonin, a(More)