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In our search for bioactive metabolites from marine organisms, we have investigated the polar fraction of the organic extract of the Red Sea sponge Theonella swinhoei. Successive chromatographic separations and final HPLC purification of the potent antifungal fraction afforded a new bicyclic glycopeptide, theonellamide G. The structure of the peptide was(More)
Chemical investigation of the methanolic extract of the rhizomes of Iris germanica L. (Iridaceae) afforded two new compounds; irigenin S (7) and iriside A (12), together with ten known compounds: stigmasterol (1), a-irone (2), γ-irone (3), 3-hydroxy-5-methoxyacetophenone (4), irilone (5), irisolidone (6), irigenin (8), stigmasterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(More)
Accumulation of Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs) in body tissues plays a major role in the development of diabetic complications. Here, the inhibitory effect of bioactive metabolites isolated from fruit hulls of Garcinia mangostana on AGE formation was investigated through bio-guided approach using aminoguanidine (AG) as a positive control. Including(More)
As a part of our continuing interest in identifying anticancer drug leads from natural sources, we have investigated the n-BuOH fraction of the root bark of Calotropis procera (Ait) R. Br. Seven new oxypregnane oligoglycosides: calotroposides H-N (1-7) were isolated and identified. Their structures were established on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR studies,(More)
Thiophenes are a class of heterocyclic aromatic compounds based on a five-membered ring made up of one sulfur and four carbon atoms. The thiophene nucleus is well established as an interesting moiety, with numerous applications in a variety of different research areas. Naturally occurring thiophenes are characteristic secondary metabolites derived from(More)
A new triterpene ester (1) together with eight known compounds (2–9) were isolated from the leaves of Cadaba farinosa Forssk. Their chemical structures were established on the basis of physical, chemical, and spectroscopic methods (IR, 1D and 2D NMR, and mass spectral analyses) to be: lupeol-3-O-decanoate (1), lupeol (2), β-sitosterol (3), ursolic acid (4),(More)
In the course of our ongoing efforts to identify marine-derived bioactive compounds, the marine cyanobacterium Moorea producens was investigated. The organic extract of the Red Sea cyanobacterium afforded one new cerebroside, mooreaside A (1), two new nucleoside derivatives, 3-acetyl-2'-deoxyuridine (2) and 3-phenylethyl-2'-deoxyuridine (3), along with the(More)
BACKGROUND Exaggerated vasoconstriction plays a very important role in the hypertension, a major component of metabolic syndrome (MetS). In the current work, the potential protective effect of methanol extract of fruit hulls of Garcinia mangostana L. on the exaggerated vasoconstriction in MetS has been investigated. In addition, the bioactive fraction and(More)
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are associated with a non-enzymatic reaction between the amino group of a protein and the carbonyl group of a sugar during hyperglycemia. The precipitation of AGEs in different tissues leads to many complications, such as endothelial dysfunction, cardiovascular complications, atherosclerosis, retinopathy, neuropathy,(More)
In the recent years, discovery, identification, and development of biologically active compounds have gained a lot of importance. Naphthalenes are a class of arenes, consisting of two ortho-fused benzene rings. Naphthalene derivatives displayed a wide range biological activities, such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory,(More)