Galit Denkberg

Learn More
CD1d-restricted lymphocytes recognize a broad lipid range. However, how CD1d-restricted lymphocytes translate T cell receptor (TCR) recognition of lipids with similar group heads into distinct biological responses remains unclear. Using a soluble invariant NKT (iNKT) TCR and a newly engineered antibody specific for alpha-galactosylceramide(More)
Bacterial and viral infections are often clinically indistinguishable, leading to inappropriate patient management and antibiotic misuse. Bacterial-induced host proteins such as procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and Interleukin-6, are routinely used to support diagnosis of infection. However, their performance is negatively affected by inter-patient(More)
The recent characterization of MHC-displayed tumor-associated antigensthat recognize effector cells of the immune system has created new perspectives for cancer therapy. Antibodies that recognize these tumor-associated MHC-peptide complexes with the same specificity as the T-cell antigen receptor will therefore be valuable tools for immunotherapy as well as(More)
In this study, we have explored the use of Fab-toxin proteins (immunotoxin) to target antigen-specific MHC-peptide complexes of in vitro and in vivo cancer cells. A human phage display library was used to screen for T-cell receptor (TCR)-like antibodies that are highly specific for the peptide melanoma-associated antigen MART-1(26-35) presented by HLA-A201.(More)
Peptide Ags presented by class I MHC molecules on human melanomas and that are recognized by CD8(+) T cells are the subjects of many studies of antitumor immunity and represent attractive candidates for therapeutic approaches. However, no direct quantitative measurements exist to reveal their expression hierarchy on the cell surface. Using novel recombinant(More)
There are conflicting opinions about the role that the T cell coreceptors CD4 and CD8 play in TCR binding and activation. Recent evidence from transgenic mouse models suggests that CD8 plays a critical role in TCR binding and activation by peptide-MHC complex multimers (tetramers). Here we show with a human CTL clone specific for a tumor-associated(More)
The advent in recent years of the application of tetrameric arrays of class I peptide-MHC complexes now enables us to detect and study rare populations of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells. However, available methods cannot visualize or determine the number and distribution of these TCR ligands on individual cells or detect antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in(More)
Specificity in the cellular immune system is controlled and regulated by the T cell antigen receptor (TCR), which specifically recognizes peptide/major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. In recent years many cancer-associated MHC-restricted peptides have been isolated and because of their highly restricted fine specificity, they are desirable(More)
Major histocompatibility complex class I molecules play a central role in the immune response against a variety of cells that have undergone malignant transformation by shaping the T-cell repertoire and presenting peptide antigens from endogeneous antigens to CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells. Diseased tumor or virus-infected cells are present on class I major(More)
Adoptive transfer of Ag-specific T lymphocytes is an attractive form of immunotherapy for cancers. However, acquiring sufficient numbers of host-derived tumor-specific T lymphocytes by selection and expansion is challenging, as these cells may be rare or anergic. Using engineered T cells can overcome this difficulty. Such engineered cells can be generated(More)