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Using an enzyme immunoassay (ELISA), we measured serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration in 128 schizophrenic patients (24 of whom were never medicated) and in 110 normal control subjects. Mean serum IL-6 concentration was significantly higher in the schizophrenic patients as compared with the control subjects (p = 0.009). Comparisons within the patient(More)
Analysis of dopamine receptors (DR) in lymphocytes of the human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) fraction is an attractive tool for evaluation of functional properties of dopaminergic function underlying variation in complex psychological/psychopathological traits. Receptor binding assays (RBAs) with selective radioligands, which are widely used in(More)
BACKGROUND Decreased interleukin-2 (IL-2) production is characteristic of active autoimmune diseases and has previously been reported in patients with schizophrenia. We attempted to replicate this finding in never-medicated schizophrenic patients and examine the possible correlation between IL-2 production and clinical variables. METHODS The production of(More)
BACKGROUND The progression of prostate cancer is accompanied by a marked suppression of the immune system, including the apoptotic death of dendritic cells (DC) responsible for the induction of antitumor immunity. In this study, we evaluated whether prostate cancer might inhibit DC generation and maturation in vitro. METHODS DC were generated from(More)
Antineoplastic chemotherapeutic agents may indirectly activate dendritic cells (DCs) by inducing the release of "danger" signals from dying tumor cells. Whereas the direct cytotoxic or inhibitory effect of conventional chemotherapy on DCs has been reported, modulation of DC function by chemotherapeutic agents in low noncytotoxic concentrations has not yet(More)
As CD40 plays a key role in both antitumor immunity and DC maturation, we have studied the regulation of its expression during DC hematopoiesis (dendropoiesis) in vitro and in vivo in the tumor microenvironment. Using MC38 colon adenocarcinoma tumor models, we have demonstrated that DCs generated in vitro from bone marrow precursors obtained from(More)
Dysbalanced production of inflammatory cytokines is involved in immunosenescence in aging. The age-related changes of the levels of circulating inflammatory mediators and their clinical importance have not been investigated until recently. Still, little is known about the influence of aging on circulating levels of many cytokines, chemokines, growth(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB), a tumor of the sympathetic nervous system, is the most common extracranial solid tumor in children. NB-derived gangliosides inhibit the functional activity of T and natural killer cells, contribute to tumor-induced bone marrow suppression, and cause multiple alterations of hematopoiesis, resulting in pancytopenia. However, the role of(More)
Serum concentrations of anti-hippocampal antibodies and in vitro production of the lymphokine interleukin-2 (IL-2) in response to phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) stimulation were determined using an enzyme immunoassay in 49 schizophrenic patients and 41 healthy controls. Decrease in IL-2 production, a finding frequently associated with many autoimmune diseases,(More)
We have recently reported that chemotherapeutic agents in ultra low noncytotoxic concentrations may block the ability of tumor cells to suppress functional activation of dendritic cells (DCs). HCT-116 human colon cancer cells were treated with 0.5 nM paclitaxel (PAC) or 2 nM doxorubicin (DOX) with the aim of defining the immunogenic changes induced by ultra(More)