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The use of an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) involving polyclonal rabbit antibodies against BSA-conjugated PR-toxin (sensitivity, 1 ng/ml) established the ability to synthesize PR-toxin in 18 out of 35 morphologically identified strains of Penicillium roqueforti and P. chrysogenum. The results indicate that ELISA for(More)
The composition of low-molecular biologically active metabolites typical of microscopic fungi has been studied in blastemas of fruticose lichens of the genera Cladonia, Cetraria, Evernia, Bryoria, and Usnes. The enzyme immunoassay method showed the presence of sterigmatocystin, emodin, mycophenolic acid, citrinin, alternariol, and diacetoxyscirpenol, which(More)
Production of type A trichothecenes has been reported in the closely related species Fusarium langsethiae and F. sporotrichioides. Here, we characterized a collection of Fusarium isolates from Siberia and the Russian Far East (hereafter Asian isolates) that produce high levels of the type A trichothecene T-2 toxin and are similar in morphology to the type A(More)
A highly specific test system based on polyclonal rabbit antibodies targeting a conjugate of alternariol and bovine serum albumin prepared by formaldehyde condensation has been developed for the first time and shown to have the sensitivity of 0.4 ng/ml in the indirect competitive determination of alternariol. The possibility of applying the assay for(More)
More than 1700 samples of forage grain, sunflower and soy-bean oil-seed meal and cakes, gluten, and compounded feeds were analyzed for citrinin by indirect ELISA with a minimum detectable level of 10 ppb. Out of 829 compounded feeds (rations and concentrates) 8.8 per cent samples were positive and the amount of citrinin ranged between 12 and 182 ppb. Only(More)
Fresh picked and herbarium thalli of Cladonia stellaris, C. rangiferina, Allocetraria nivalis, A. cucullata, Cetraria islandica, Peltigera canina, and Nephroma articum epigene lichens were studied using the immune-enzyme analysis. No big difference was observed in the contents of mycotoxin secondary metabolites, i.e., deoxynivalenol, diacetoxyscirpenol,(More)
Formation kinetics, specificity, and analytical potential of polyclonal antibodies raised in rabbits against BSA conjugates of carboxymethyloxime-zearalanone (CMO-ZAN) and carboxymethyloxime-zearalenone (CMO-ZEN). Preparation of the conjugates involved conversion of CMO-ZAN and CMO-ZEN into activated esters and carbodiimide condensation. Two versions of a(More)
Using the reaction of activated N-hydrooxisuccinimide ester of mycophenolic acid, a series of immunoreactive conjugated antigens with albumins, gelatin, and glucosoxidase is obtained. On the basis of polyclonal rabbit antibodies, a test-system for indirect competitive immunoenzyme analysis is elaborated, which has the sensitivity 0.4 ng/ml. By(More)
An enzyme immunoassay for usnic acid in lichens was developed, the sensitivity of which was 0.1 μg/g of air-dried material (0.00001%). Polyclonal rabbit antibodies against bovine serum albumin conjugated to (+)-usnic acid under the conditions of formaldehyde condensation made it possible to determine the analyzed substance in solutions at concentrations(More)
Secondary fungal metabolites (mycotoxins) in 22 lichen species of the families Parmeliaceae, Nephromataceae, Umbilicariaceae, Ramalinaceae, Cladoniaceae, Peltigeraceae, and Teloschistaceae were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The following mycotoxins were found in these lichens in a broad concentration range with a frequency of 70–100%:(More)