Galina Obmolova

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DNA mismatch repair is critical for increasing replication fidelity in organisms ranging from bacteria to humans. MutS protein, a member of the ABC ATPase superfamily, recognizes mispaired and unpaired bases in duplex DNA and initiates mismatch repair. Mutations in human MutS genes cause a predisposition to hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer as well(More)
The MutS protein initiates DNA mismatch repair by recognizing mispaired and unpaired bases embedded in duplex DNA and activating endo- and exonucleases to remove the mismatch. Members of the MutS family also possess a conserved ATPase activity that belongs to the ATP binding cassette (ABC) superfamily. Here we report the crystal structure of a ternary(More)
The highly symmetric pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complexes have molecular masses ranging from 5 to 10 million daltons. They consist of numerous copies of three different enzymes: pyruvate dehydrogenase, dihydrolipoyl transacetylase, and lipoamide dehydrogenase. The three-dimensional crystal structure of the catalytic domain of Azotobacter vinelandii(More)
BACKGROUND Glucosamine 6-phosphate synthase (GlmS) catalyses the first step in hexosamine metabolism, converting fructose-6P (6 phosphate) into glucosamine-6P using glutamine as a nitrogen source. GlmS is a bienzyme complex consisting of two domains that catalyse glutamine hydrolysis and sugar-phosphate isomerisation, respectively. Knowledge of the(More)
The ygfZ gene product of Escherichia coli represents a large protein family conserved in bacteria to eukaryotes. The members of this family are uncharacterized proteins with marginal sequence similarity to the T-protein (aminomethyltransferase) of the glycine cleavage system. To assist with the functional assignment of the YgfZ family, the crystal structure(More)
Phosphofructokinase 1 (PFK) is a multisubunit allosteric enzyme that catalyzes the principal regulatory step in glycolysis-the phosphorylation of fructose 6-phosphate to fructose 1,6-bisphosphate by ATP. The activity of eukaryotic PFK is modulated by a number of effectors in response to the cell's needs for energy and building blocks for biosynthesis. The(More)
Glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase catalyses the first and rate-limiting step in hexosamine metabolism, converting fructose 6-phosphate into glucosamine 6-phosphate in the presence of glutamine. The crystal structure of the Escherichia coli enzyme reveals the domain organisation of the homodimeric molecule. The 18 A hydrophobic channel sequestered from the(More)
The structure of Pseudomonas fluorescens lipoamide dehydrogenase, a dimeric flavoenzyme with a molecular mass of 106,000 daltons, was solved by the molecular replacement method and refined to an R-factor of 19.4% at 2.8 A resolution. The root-mean-square difference from ideal values for bonds and angles is 0.019 A and 3.8 degrees, respectively. The(More)
The genomic DNA encoding the inorganic pyrophosphatase from an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8 (ATCC27634), was isolated by colony hybridization with a probe designed as a part of gene amplified by the PCR method, which was derived from the partial amino acid sequence of the enzyme. The DNA was cloned into a plasmid vector,(More)