Galina Mitina

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Agrobacterium tumefaciens was used to stably transform the entomopathogenic deuteromycete Beauveria bassiana to hygromycin B resistance by integration of the hph gene of Escherichia coli into the fungal genome. The transformation protocol was optimized to generate a library of insertion mutants of Beauveria. Transformation frequencies around 10−4 and(More)
Stagonospora cirsii is a pathogen of Cirsium arvense, causing necrotic lesions on leaves of this noxious weed. The fungus produced toxic metabolites when grown in liquid culture. A new phytotoxin, named stagonolide, was isolated and characterized as (8R,9R)-8-hydroxy-7-oxo-9-propyl-5-nonen-9-olide by spectroscopic methods. Stagonolide was shown to be a(More)
A structure-activity relationships study was conducted assaying 15 natural analogues and derivatives belonging to two groups of organic compounds, nonenolides and cytochalasins, for their toxicity against the composite perennial weeds Cirsium arvense and Sonchus arvensis occurring through the temperate region of world. The toxic nonenolides (stagonolide,(More)
Stagonospora cirsii, a fungal pathogen isolated from Cirsium arvense and proposed as a potential mycoherbicide of this perennial noxious weed, produces phytotoxic metabolites in liquid and solid cultures. Recently, the main metabolite, stagonolide (1), with interesting phytotoxic properties, was isolated from a liquid culture and characterized as a new(More)
Polymorphism of 10 Beauveria bassiana strains, isolated from Ixodes ricinus in Moldova, was evaluated using traditional (morphological and cultural properties) and molecular (RAPD patterns and ITS sequences) methods. The isolates differed greatly in morphological and cultural features, such as color, consistence, and growth rate. Four RAPD-PCR markers were(More)
Mitochondrial gene NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1), β-tubulin gene, and elongation factor 1-alpha (tef) were used to characterize and to identify 42 Lecanicillum spp. isolates (former complex species Verticillium lecanii Zimm. Viegas) and to study the phylogenetic relationships in this group. Within the isolates under investigation, Lecanicillium(More)
Human and animal disease-transmitting hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are of great concern for public health and animal farming. Alternatives to tick control by chemical acaricides are urgently needed, and one intensively evaluated biocontrol strategy is based on the use of tick-pathogenic filamentous fungi. An indispensable prerequisite for the development of(More)
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