Galina M. Streshinskaya

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Data on the structures of cell wall teichoic acids, the anionic carbohydrate-containing polymers, found in many Gram-positive bacteria have been summarized and the polymers of the actinomycete genus Nocardiopsis have been considered from the taxonomic standpoint. The structures of these polymers or their combinations have been demonstrated to be indicative(More)
The cell wall of Streptomyces coelicolor M145, a prototrophic plasmidless (SCP1(-) SCP2(-)) variant of strain S. coelicolor A3(2) contains the main glycopolymer represented by Kdn-containing teichulosonic acid with unusual structure which has not been described so far: [structure: see text]. The minor polymer was found to be a poly(diglycosyl 1-phosphate)(More)
The structures of teichoic acids of three Nocardiopsis species were established. The cell wall of Nocardiopsis listeri VKM Ac-1881T contains two teichoic acids (TA). TA1 is 1,3-poly(glycerol phosphate) with 50% glycerol phosphate residues substituted by alpha-N-acetylglucosamine in the C-2 position. TA2 is 1, 5-poly(ribitol phosphate) with each ribitol(More)
The subject of the present review is the structural diversity and abundance of cell wall teichuronic and teichulosonic acids of representatives of the order Actinomycetales. Recently found teichulosonic acids are a new class of natural glycopolymers with ald-2-ulosonic acid residues: Kdn (3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid) or di-N-acyl(More)
The cell-wall teichoic acids of Nocardiopsis dassonvillei IMRU 509T, IMRU 504 and IMRU 1250 and Nocardiopsis antarctius VKM Ac-836T have the same unique structure that has not heretofore been found in bacteria. The polymer is built of 10 to 13 repeating units: $$ - 1snGro3 - P - 3 - \beta D - Ga1Nac1 - 2snGro3 - P -$$ The structure has been established by(More)
The cell wall of the model actinomycete Streptomyces coelicolor M145 has recently been shown to contain the novel glycopolymer teichulosonic acid. The major building block of this polymer is 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononic acid (Kdn), suggesting initial clues about the genetic control of biosynthesis of this cell wall component. Here, through(More)
A novel nitrite-oxidizing bacterium (NOB), strain Lb(T), was isolated from a nitrifying bioreactor with a high loading of ammonium bicarbonate in a mineral medium with nitrite as the energy source. The cells were oval (lancet-shaped) rods with pointed edges, non-motile, Gram-positive (by staining and from the cell wall structure) and non-spore-forming.(More)
The cell wall of Streptomyces rutgersensis var. castelarense contains structurally different chains of 1,3-type glycerol teichoic acid. Part of the molecules consisting of 20-25 monomers, carry on every third glycerol phosphate unit (at C-2) alpha-glucosamine residues, only half of which are N-acetylated. There are chains with O-lysine groups, and free(More)
The cell wall of Actinoplanes philippinesis VKM Ac-647 harbours several carbohydrate-containing anionic polymers. (1) The main polymer of the wall is of a poly(glycosylglycerol phosphate) nature. Its monomeric units — O-α-d-mannopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-d-galactopyranosyl-(1→1)-glycerol monophosphates — are connected by phosphodiester bonds involving the hydroxyl(More)
The cell wall of Bacillus subtilis VKM B-762 contains, along with 1,5-poly[4-O-(2-acetamido-2-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)ribitol phosphate], a novel type of glycopolymer involving three types of inter-monomeric bonds in the repeating unit, viz., amide, glycosidic and phosphodiester: [See figure in text]. Such a structural pattern of natural glycopolymers has(More)