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Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) glycoforms change as pregnancy progresses. We have developed an antibody (B152) which can measure a hyperglycosylated early pregnancy isoform of hCG. This putative hyperglycosylated form of hCG arises very early in pregnancies and is rapidly replaced by an isoform that predominates for the remainder of the pregnancy. The(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) exhibits molecular heterogeneity in both its protein and carbohydrate moieties. This communication describes changes in hCG isoforms detected directly in clinical samples. These isoforms, quantified in blood or urine specimens, show a progression of change throughout normal pregnancy. Early pregnancy produces a type of hCG(More)
We report the development and characterization of an IRMA for the direct measurement of nicked human chorionic gonadotropin (hCGn) in blood and urine. hCGn derived from a reference preparation of hCG used as an immunogen elicits monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with enhanced recognition of human luteinizing hormone epitopes. The most specific assay for(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is synthesized primarily in the placenta while human luteinizing hormone (hLH) is produced in the pituitary. Both hormones are highly homologous in structure and both appear to be altered to analogous molecular forms as the hormones are proteolytically processed, or metabolized, from tissue of origin, through the(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the distribution of choriocarcinoma-like human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) isoforms during first trimester pregnancy and their relationship with in-vitro HCG bioactivity. This was done by means of a retrospective analysis of patients' sera with first trimester normal intrauterine and abnormal (ectopic)(More)
A homogenous protein of 120,000 mol. wt isolated from black widow spider (Lactrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus) venom and referred to as alpha-latroinsectotoxin was highly potent (4 nM) in the induction of an increase of the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic potentials in blowfly (Calliphora vicina) larvae neuromuscular preparations. In the(More)
Employing a monoclonal antibody (B152) specific for a carbohydrate epitope found on a choriocarcinoma derived hCG, it was discovered that a similar hCG isoform is expressed during early pregnancy. This form differs from later pregnancy hCG in carbohydrate moieties. Profiling of these two hCG isoforms throughout pregnancy utilized two IRMA's: B152-B207(More)
Early pregnancy loss (EPL), detected by patterns of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) in urine, is the biomarker employed in investigations of the impact of personal, workplace or environmental reproductive toxins on human fertility. An issue central to these studies is what, in terms of urinary hCG expression, constitutes an EPL. This report describes(More)
Recently, we isolated an hLH beta core fragment (hLHβcf) from human pituitaries. This molecule is homologous to the hCG beta core fragment (hCGβcf), which may be a marker of normal pregnancy, Down syndrome, and certain cancers. We now report antibodies to the hLHβcf, four of which have been applied in sensitive immunoradiometric assays for urinary(More)
We have previously demonstrated that a hyperglycosylated isoform of chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) (B152 hCG) is detected in the blood and urine in early pregnancy and is subsequently rapidly replaced by the hCG isoform (B109 hCG) characteristic of later pregnancy. In the current study we have extended our work on the origin of these isoforms. We have used a(More)