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It has been shown that the primary and secondary somatosensory cortex, as well as the supplementary motor area (SMA), are involved in central processing of proprioceptive signals during passive and active arm movements. However, it is not clear whether different cortical areas are involved in processing of different proprioceptive inputs (skin, joint,(More)
The concept of fatigue refers to a class of acute effects that can impair motor performance, and not to a single mechanism. A great deal is known about the peripheral mechanisms underlying the process of fatigue, but our knowledge of the roles of the central structures in that process is still very limited. During fatigue, it has been shown that peripheral(More)
A positron emission tomography imaging study was performed on 16 healthy volunteers to reveal changes in cortical activation during acute muscle pain induced by intra-muscular injection of hypertonic saline into the left triceps brachii muscle. Changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were measured with the use of [(15)O] labelled water during(More)
The generation of regular and irregular past tense verbs has long been a testing ground for different models of inflection in the mental lexicon. Behavioral studies examined a variety of languages, but neuroimaging studies rely almost exclusively on English and German data. In our fMRI experiment, participants inflected Russian verbs and nouns of different(More)
The mechanism of the development of cognitive impairments in multiple sclerosis (MS) was investigated by studying glucose metabolism at the level of the brain by positron emission tomography (PET). A total of 61 patients with different types of MS were studied. Correlation analysis identified a relationship between cognitive impairments and regional glucose(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The increased expression of several cytokines, including interleukin 6 (IL-6), has recently been reported in a study of the longitudinal muscle and myenteric plexus layers of rat intestine following Trichinella spiralis infection. However, the putative cellular sources and the mechanism underlying the induction of IL-6 in these tissues are(More)
Expression of muscarinic cholinergic receptors (m-AchR) on thymocytes and lymphocytes supports a hypothesis of direct interaction between autonomic innervation and the immune system. Using a muscarinic antagonist, [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB), we revealed different characteristics of m-AchR expression in lymphocytes isolated from the spleen,(More)
In this paper possible mechanism of improvement of the functional state of the brain areas, maintaining movement, visual, auditory, and higher functions of the brain during correction of generalized spastic syndrome (botulinotherapy with Xeomin) in patients in a vegetative state (VS) is discussed. If to consider the vegetative state as stable pathological(More)