Galina I Rozhkova

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Accurate measurements of uncorrected binocular and monocular visual acuity were performed in 65 children aged 5-7 years at five viewing distances in the range 0.5-5.0 m by means of the test charts containing widely spaced E stimuli in four orientations. It was found that, in most children of this age, visual acuity (V) changed with test distance, as had(More)
A method for evaluating the fusional reserves has been developed and tested. The method employs an interactive computer program permitting the checking of the subject’s report at the moment of fusion failure during an artificial increase in the convergence or divergence of the visual axes in the course of measurement. The control is based on the use of(More)
Perception of stabilized retinal stimuli was studied both in monocular and dichoptic viewing conditions. When identical stabilized stimuli of large size and high luminance were presented to both eyes, the phenomena characteristic of monocular perception (rapid fading of perceived images within a few seconds or their episodic disappearance and regeneration)(More)
Three identified interneurons of the cercal system were investigated electrophysiologically; these interneurons are sensitive only to stimulation of cercal filiform-hair sensilla by low-frequency sound. Measurement of the frequency ranges revealed cut-off frequencies between ca. 20 and 70 Hz. Analysis of the responses near threshold and at higher(More)
The giant interneurons in the terminal abdominal ganglion of cricket (Acheta domesticus) were studied using sound signals with special interest to the effect of the body tilt on the directional sensitivity diagrams. The neurons under study receive their inputs from the cerci which have receptors sensitive to mechanic and acoustic stimulation and receptors(More)
Cercal systems of seven insect species (cricketMelanogryllus desertus, mole cricketGryllotalpa gryllotalpa, katydidsPholidoptera pustulipes andTettigonia viridissima, cockroachesPeriplaneta americana andBlatta orientalis, and locustLocusta migratoria) were examined for direction-sensitive giant interneurons (GIs) that are excited by cercal receptors but(More)
Studies have been made of the directional sensitivity of the giant neurons in the abdominal nervous chain of the cricket during the effect of air flows and sound stimuli on the cercal system. It was found that the axis of sonic and air flow diagrams of the directional sensitivity for a given neuron are practically identical. On the basis of flow diagrams,(More)
The influence of monocular spatial cues on the vergence eye movements was studied in two series of experiments: (I) the subjects were viewing a 3-D video and also its 2-D version-binocularly and monocularly; and (II) in binocular and monocular viewing conditions, the subjects were presented with stationary 2-D stimuli containing or not containing some(More)