Galina A Stepanyuk

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The Renilla bioluminescent system in vivo is comprised of three proteins--the luciferase, green-fluorescent protein, and coelenterazine-binding protein (CBP), previously called luciferin-binding protein (LBP). This work reports the cloning of the full-size cDNA encoding CBP from soft coral Renilla muelleri, its overexpression and properties of the(More)
The bright bioluminescence of ctenophores, found in oceans worldwide, is determined by Ca(2+)-regulated photoproteins, functionally identical to and sharing many properties of hydromedusan photoproteins. In contrast, however, the ctenophore photoproteins are extremely sensitive to UV and visible light over the range of their absorption spectrum. The spatial(More)
The bioluminescence spectra from the Ca2+-regulated photoproteins aequorin (lambdamax=469 nm) and obelin (lambdamax=482 nm) differ because aequorin has an H-bond from its Tyr82 to the bound coelenteramide, not present in obelin at the corresponding Phe88. Substitutions of this Phe88 by Tyr, Trp, or His shifted the obelin bioluminescence to shorter(More)
The Ca(2+)-regulated photoprotein obelin was substituted at Trp92 by His, Lys, Glu, and Arg. All mutants fold into stable conformations and produce bimodal bioluminescence spectra with enhanced contribution from a violet emission. The W92R mutant has an almost monomodal bioluminescence (lambdamax=390 nm) and monomodal fluorescence (lambdamax=425 nm) of the(More)
Two kinds of Ca(2+)-regulated photoprotein obelin with altered color of bioluminescence were obtained by active-center amino acid substitution. The mutant W92F-H22E emits violet light (lambda(max) = 390 nm) and the mutant Y139F emits greenish light (lambda(max) = 498 nm), with small spectral overlap, both display high activity and stability and thus may be(More)
The crystal structure of the Ca(2+)-loaded coelenterazine-binding protein from Renilla muelleri in its apo-state has been determined at resolution 1.8 A. Although calcium binding hardly affects the compact scaffold and overall fold of the structure before calcium addition, there are easily discerned shifts in the residues that were interacting with the(More)
It has been shown that the coelenterazine analog, coelenterazine-v, is an efficient substrate for a reaction catalyzed by Renilla luciferase. The resulting bioluminescence emission maximum is shifted to a longer wavelength up to 40 nm, which allows the use of some "yellow" Renilla luciferase mutants for in vivo imaging. However, the utility of(More)
Förster resonance energy transfer within a protein-protein complex has previously been invoked to explain emission spectral modulation observed in several bioluminescence systems. Here we present a spatial structure of a complex of the Ca(2+)-regulated photoprotein clytin with its green-fluorescent protein (cgGFP) from the jellyfish Clytia gregaria, and(More)
Bright bioluminescence of ctenophores is caused by Ca(2+)-regulated photoproteins. Although these photoproteins are functionally identical to and share many properties of cnidarian photoproteins, like aequorin and obelin, and retain the same spatial architecture, they are extremely sensitive to light, i.e. lose the ability to bioluminesce on exposure to(More)
Metridia luciferase is a secreted luciferase from a marine copepod and uses coelenterazine as a substrate to produce a blue bioluminescence (lambda(max)=480 nm). This luciferase has been successfully applied as a bioluminescent reporter in mammalian cells. The main advantage of secreted luciferase as a reporter is the capability of measuring intracellular(More)