Galia Zamaratskaia

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Pork odour is to a great extent affected by the presence of malodorous compounds, mainly androstenone and skatole. The present review outlines the current state of knowledge about factors involved in the regulation of androstenone and skatole in entire male pigs. Androstenone is a pheromonal steroid synthesised in the testes and metabolised in the liver.(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) vaccine, Improvac (Pfizer Ltd.), on the levels of GnRH antibodies, testosterone, estrone sulphate (E1S) and androstenone, as well as skatole and indole in male pigs. Additionally, the long-term effect of immunocastration on social and sexual behaviour(More)
In pigs, the hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, 2A and 2E1 activity is important in the regulation of skatole accumulation in adipose tissue. This study investigated gender-related differences in CYP1A2, 2A and 2E1 dependent activity, protein and mRNA expression. This study also investigated the gonadal steroid dependent inhibition of CYP activity in(More)
The testicular steroids androstenone (A), 17beta-oestradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) were tested for their ability to alter CYP2E1 and CYP2A activity in porcine liver microsomes from male and female pigs. This is the first in vitro study indicating that sex steroids have a potential to modify microsomal CYP2E1 activity, the main skatole-metabolising(More)
Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and 2A (CYP2A) are the main enzymes involved in the metabolism of skatole in pigs. In this study, physiological concentrations of androstenone, 17β-oestradiol and testosterone were tested for their ability to regulate CYP2E1 and CYP2A activity in liver microsomes isolated from entire male and female pigs as well as in microsomes(More)
Androstenone is one of the main compounds responsible for boar taint, and 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3betaHSD) might be involved in its metabolism. In this study, the gene expression of 3betaHSD and 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17betaHSD) were determined by real-time PCR analysis and related to the concentrations of androstenone,(More)
The present study investigated the in vivo effect of chicory root on testicular steroid concentrations and androstenone metabolizing enzymes in entire male pigs. Furthermore, the effect on skatole and indole concentrations in plasma and adipose tissue was investigated. The pigs were divided into two groups; one receiving experimental feed containing 10%(More)
The effect of adding hydrolysable tannins to the diet of fattening boars was studied. Performance, reproductive organ weights, salivary gland morphology, boar taint compounds and skatole metabolism were evaluated. At 123 days of age and 52 ± 6 kg liveweight, 24 Landrace × Large White boars were assigned within a litter to four treatment groups: control (T0(More)
The present study aimed to evaluate some cytochrome P450 metabolic enzyme activities in hepatic microsomes prepared from entire male pigs (uncastrated pigs), surgically castrated pigs and pigs immunized against gonadotropin-releasing hormone (immunocastrated pigs). The activities of the following enzymes were measured: ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD,(More)
This study aimed to provide further insights into the mechanism of in vivo regulation of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) 1A, 2A and 2E1 activities in pigs with different levels of testicular steroids. Hepatic mRNA and protein expression and enzymatic activity of CYP1A, CYP2A and CYP2E1 were compared between entire male and castrated pigs. Castration was performed(More)