Learn More
Listeria monocytogenes, an uncommon foodborne pathogen, is increasingly recognized as a cause of life-threatening disease. A marked increase in reported cases of listeriosis during 1998 motivated a retrospective nationwide survey of the infection in Israel. From 1995 to 1999, 161 cases were identified; 70 (43%) were perinatal infections, with a fetal(More)
CONTEXT Widespread pneumococcal conjugate vaccination may bring about epidemiologic changes in upper respiratory tract flora of children. Of particular significance may be an interaction between Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus, in view of the recent emergence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant S aureus. OBJECTIVE To examine the(More)
Carbapenem resistance among Enterobacteriaceae is an emerging problem worldwide. Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (bla(KPC)) enzymes are among the most common beta-lactamases described. In this study, we report the development and validation of a real-time PCR (q-PCR) assay for the detection of bla(KPC) genes using TaqMan chemistry. The q-PCR(More)
BACKGROUND Telavancin is a lipoglycopeptide bactericidal against gram-positive pathogens. METHODS Two methodologically identical, double-blind studies (0015 and 0019) were conducted involving patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) due to gram-positive pathogens, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Patients were(More)
Quantitative cultures were carried out on samples from gastric juice obtained from 12 ambulatory patients with esophagitis before and one month after omeprazole therapy. An increase in the number of patients in whom gastric juice was culture-positive, as well as an increment in the bacterial counts were noted. The spectrum of microorganisms isolated from(More)
Human infection with non-typhoidal Salmonella serovars (NTS) infrequently causes invasive systemic disease and bacteremia. To understand better the nature of invasive NTS (iNTS), we studied the gene content and the pathogenicity of bacteremic strains from twelve serovars (Typhimurium, Enteritidis, Choleraesuis, Dublin, Virchow, Newport, Bredeney,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae bloodstream infections on mortality. During the study period 42, 68 and 120 patients were identified with carbapenem-resistant, extended-spectrum β-lactamase producers (ESBL) and susceptible K. pneumoniae bloodstream infections, respectively. Patients with(More)
Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae are pathogens that may lead to a spectrum of clinical syndromes. We aimed to identify predictors and outcomes of ESBL bacteremia upon hospital admission (UHA) in a nationwide prospective study. Thus, a multicenter prospective study was conducted in 10 Israeli hospitals. Adult patients with(More)
The incidence of infections among patients with thalassaemia and the role of risk factors for infection are uncertain. We studied the occurrence of infections necessitating hospitalisation in 92 homozygous beta-thalassaemia patients who had been followed longitudinally for decades, and investigated the role of potential risk factors for these infections.(More)
BACKGROUND Heteroresistant vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hVISA) infections are emerging, but their clinical significance remains unclear. Our objective was to compare patients who had hVISA bacteremia with patients who had methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) bacteremia. METHODS A total of 27 case patients with hVISA bacteremia were(More)