Galateia J. Kazakia

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Cortical bone contributes the majority of overall bone mass and bears the bulk of axial loads in the peripheral skeleton. Bone metabolic disorders often are manifested by cortical microstructural changes via osteonal remodeling and endocortical trabecularization. The goal of this study was to characterize intracortical porosity in a cross-sectional patient(More)
Assessment of bone tissue mineral density (TMD) may provide information critical to the understanding of mineralization processes and bone biomechanics. High-resolution three-dimensional assessment of TMD has recently been demonstrated using synchrotron radiation microcomputed tomography (SRmuCT); however, this imaging modality is relatively inaccessible(More)
The goal of this study was to characterize longitudinal changes in bone microarchitecture and function in women treated with an established antifracture therapeutic. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study, 53 early postmenopausal women with low bone density (age = 56 ± 4 years; femoral neck T-score = -1.5 ± 0.6) were monitored by(More)
UNLABELLED Bone structural measures obtained by two noninvasive imaging tools-3T MRI and HR-pQCT-were compared. Significant but moderate correlations and 2- to 4-fold discrepancies in parameter values were detected, suggesting that differences in acquisition and analysis must be considered when interpreting data from these imaging modalities. INTRODUCTION(More)
PURPOSE Accurate quantification of bone microstructure plays a significant role in understanding bone mechanics and response to disease or treatment. High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) allows for the quantification of trabecular and cortical structure in vivo, with the capability of generating images at multiple voxel(More)
Micro-computed tomography (μCT) has become an important tool for morphological characterization of cortical and trabecular bone. Quantitative assessment of bone tissue mineral density (TMD) from μCT images may be possible; however, the methods for calibration and accuracy have not been thoroughly evaluated. This study investigated hydroxyapatite (HA)(More)
The multiscale hierarchical structure of bone is naturally optimized to resist fractures. In osteogenesis imperfecta, or brittle bone disease, genetic mutations affect the quality and/or quantity of collagen, dramatically increasing bone fracture risk. Here we reveal how the collagen defect results in bone fragility in a mouse model of osteogenesis(More)
Oxygen affects the activity of multiple skeletogenic cells and is involved in many processes that are important for fracture healing. However, the role of oxygen in fracture healing has not been fully studied. Here we systematically examine the effects of oxygen tension on fracture healing and test the ability of hyperoxia to rescue healing defects in a(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that the mechanical properties of a trabecular bone substitute can be enhanced through in vitro tissue formation. Our specific objectives were to (1) determine the effects of in vitro marrow stromal cell-mediated tissue deposition upon a trabeculated hydroxyapatite scaffold on the strength and toughness of the(More)
In the context of osteoporosis, bone quality—which encompasses trabecular and cortical micro-architecture, mass, and tissue mechanical & compositional properties—plays an important and as yet undiscovered role. Non-invasive assessment of bone quality has recently received considerable attention, as bone density alone has not been able to predict existing or(More)