Galatea Kallergi

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Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered an essential process in the metastatic cascade. EMT is characterised by upregulation of vimentin, Twist, Snail, Slug and Sip1 among others. Metastasis is also associated with the presence of circulating tumour cells (CTCs) and disseminated tumour cells in the blood and bone marrow, respectively, of(More)
BACKGROUND Since the detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) which express HER2 is an adverse prognostic factor in early breast cancer patients, we investigated the effect of trastuzumab on patients' clinical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventy five women with HER2 (-) breast cancer and detectable CK19 mRNA-positive CTCs before and after adjuvant(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the prognostic value of the molecular detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) using three markers [cytokeratin 19 (CK19), mammaglobin A (MGB1), and HER2] in early breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN CK19mRNA+, MGB1mRNA+, and HER2mRNA+ cells were detected using real-time (CK19) and nested (MGB1 and HER2) reverse transcription-PCR(More)
The CD44(+)/CD24(-/low) and ALDH1(+) cell phenotypes are associated with stemness and enhanced tumorigenic potential in breast cancer. We assessed the expression of CD44, CD24 and ALDH1 on tumor cells circulating in the peripheral blood (CTCs) of patients with metastatic breast cancer using triple-marker immunofluorescence microscopy. Among a total of 1439(More)
Several markers have been used to detect circulating tumor cells (CTC) in the peripheral blood of patients with breast cancer. However, analysis of activated signaling kinases in CTC implicated in cellular transformation, migration, and survival has not been addressed so far. In the present study, we focused on the phenotypic profile of micrometastatic(More)
The phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway, operating downstream of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)2, is implicated in cell migration and survival. EGFR and HER2 are expressed in circulating tumor cells, but the activation status of downstream signaling molecules has not yet been reported. To(More)
Caveolin-1, an essential protein constituent of caveolae, is involved in cell signaling through its association with various signaling molecules. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) interacts directly with caveolin-1 and this interaction functionally regulates EGFR tyrosine kinase activity. In this report we investigated the role of caveolin-1(More)
To evaluate whether HER2 mRNA could be used as a marker of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in women with operable breast cancer. A nested RT-PCR assay was developed and used for the detection of HER2 mRNA-positive CTCs. Blood from 216 women with early breast cancer obtained before adjuvant treatment was tested for HER2 mRNA-positive cells to assess their(More)
In recent years, membrane androgen receptors (mARs) have been identified in prostate and breast tumor cells, and their activation by specific mAR ligands was linked to the regulation of crucial cell responses, such as cell growth, motility, and apoptosis. Analysis of the molecular signals triggered by mAR in the presence of anti-androgens has clearly(More)
The detection of peripheral blood circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and bone marrow disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) in breast cancer patients is associated with a high incidence of disease relapse and disease-related death. Since hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play an important role in angiogenesis and tumor(More)