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OBJECTIVES To assess whether smoking is a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DESIGN Meta-analysis. METHOD DATA SOURCES were observational studies that examined the association between smoking history and the risk of developing RA identified through Medline and EMBASE (from 1966 to December 2006), relevant books and a reference(More)
BACKGROUND Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is an environmental contaminant found in cigarette smoke. It is well known that cigarette smoking exacerbates interleukin-8 (IL-8)-related inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis, palmoplantar pustulosis and acne. Although BaP has been shown to exert its biological effects via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)(More)
Ketoconazole (KCZ) has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory effects in addition to its inhibitory effects against fungi; however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a receptor that is activated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons such as dioxin, is a(More)
The dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in cigarette smoke regulate various immunological responses via the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR). These environmental toxicants are known to cause bronchitis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer. Recent studies have demonstrated that AhR activation upregulates the expression of mucin(More)
BACKGROUND Cutaneous infections such as impetigo contagiosum (IC), molluscum contagiosum (MC) and herpes virus infection (HI) appear to be associated with atopic dermatitis (AD), but there are no reports of concrete epidemiological evidence. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the association of childhood AD with these infections by conducting a population-based(More)
BACKGROUND The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) recognizes diverse small molecules such as dioxins, tryptophan photoproducts and phytochemicals. It also plays crucial roles in epidermal homeostasis by upregulating epidermal barrier proteins. In preliminary screening, we found that Galactomyces fermentation filtrate (GFF), a cosmetic compound, was capable of(More)
UNLABELLED Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI) is a cactus species widely used as an anti-inflammatory, antilipidemic, and hypoglycemic agent. It has been shown that OFI extract (OFIE) inhibits oxidative stress in animal models of diabetes and hepatic disease; however, its antioxidant mechanism remains largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that OFIE(More)
BACKGROUND S100 proteins belong to a family of calcium-binding proteins that regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. Despite our growing knowledge about the biology of S100 proteins in some human cancers, little is known about the expression of S100 family members in epidermal tumors and their clinical significance. OBJECTIVE To determine the(More)
CD10 is a neutral endopeptidase, which cleaves various peptide substrates including substance P. CD10 expression has been detected in peritumoral fibroblasts (Fb) within the invasive area of various cancers such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, the biological significance of CD10-bearing Fb remains largely unknown. We examined dynamic interactions(More)