Gaku Inagawa

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BACKGROUND AND AIM The Airway Scope (AWS) is a new video laryngoscope. The purpose of this study was to compare the AWS and Macintosh laryngoscopes with regard to their usefulness for beginners in tracheal intubation. METHODS Thirty-one nurses with no previous experience of tracheal intubation used each device 10 times to intubate the trachea of a manikin(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac tamponade is rare but one of the most serious complications in relation to central venous catheters (CVC). The tip of the CVC should be placed outside the pericardium to avoid tamponade. In adults, the carina is always located above the pericardium; therefore, the carina is a reliable landmark for CVC placement. We examined whether the(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheal intubation in patients with suspected neck injuries should achieve two contradicting goals-sufficient laryngeal exposure and the least cervical spine movement. Because the former involves displacements of the cervical vertebrae, intubation under immobilization is widely performed today to prevent exacerbation of spinal code injuries. The(More)
BACKGROUND It has been generally accepted that a higher airway seal pressure indicates adequate positioning of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) in adult patients. The present study was undertaken to clarify whether a higher airway seal pressure correlates with an adequate positioning of the LMA in paediatric patients. METHODS One hundred and eighty-one(More)
We compared the Airway Scope with a gum elastic bougie and fibreoptic bronchoscope in a manikin with a simulated Cormack and Lehane Grade 3 laryngoscopic view. Twenty-seven anaesthetists intubated the trachea of the manikin with these devices and the time required for intubation was measured. They were then asked to rate the subjective difficulty of(More)
BACKGROUND Direct laryngoscopy along with manual inline stabilization (MIS) is currently the standard care for patients with suspected neck injuries. However, cervical collar immobilization is more commonly performed in the prehospital environment, and its early removal is necessary before intubation. We hypothesized that if usability of Airway Scope (AWS)(More)
BACKGROUND The new guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation recommend that laypersons should begin chest compressions without checking for a pulse because the pulse check has serious limitations in accuracy. We determined the efficacy of the most suitable method to search for cardiac activity in infants. METHODS Twenty-eight nurses tried to detect(More)
We studied how head and neck position affect the cuff position and oropharyngeal sealing pressures of the laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) in children. We studied 39 non-paralyzed healthy children aged 1.5-8.0 yr, weighing 10.3-27.0 kg, managed with size 2 or 2.5 LMAs during elective surgery. Head and neck movements did not adversely affect airway patency in(More)
We compared the effects of the Airway Scope(®) on haemodynamic responses during tracheal intubation with those of direct laryngoscopy in normotensive and hypertensive patients. The systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressures and heart rate were recorded: (a) before anaesthesia; (b) immediately before intubation; (c) at intubation; and (d) 1, 2, 3, 4(More)
BACKGROUND The Pentax-AWS (AWS(®)), a new video laryngoscope, has been shown to be useful in cases of difficult intubation. We hypothesized that the AWS(®) would be more useful in the settings of a narrow upper airway than the Macintosh laryngoscope. We compared each device in simulated scenarios of representative difficulty of tracheal intubation using a(More)