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A nondestructive imaging method, scanning near-field ultrasound holography (SNFUH), has been developed that provides depth information as well as spatial resolution at the 10- to 100-nanometer scale. In SNFUH, the phase and amplitude of the scattered specimen ultrasound wave, reflected in perturbation to the surface acoustic standing wave, are mapped with a(More)
Nanomaterials have potential medical applications, for example in the area of drug delivery, and their possible adverse effects and cytotoxicity are curently receiving attention. Inhalation of nanoparticles is of great concern, because nanoparticles can be easily aerosolized. Imaging techniques that can visualize local populations of nanoparticles at(More)
A promising approach for detecting biomolecules follows their binding to immobilized probe molecules on microfabricated cantilevers; binding causes surface stresses that bend the cantilever. We measured this deflection, which is on the order of tens of nanometers, by embedding a metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) into the base of the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent type of dementia, has been associated with the accumulation of amyloid β oligomers (AβOs) in the central nervous system. AβOs vary widely in size, ranging from dimers to larger than 100 kDa. Evidence indicates that not all oligomers are toxic, and there is yet no consensus on the size of the actual toxic(More)
BACKGROUND The synthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) has received considerable attention with their potential applications in various life sciences related applications. Recently, there has been tremendous excitement in the study of nanoparticles synthesis by using some natural biological system, which has led to the development of various biomimetic(More)
The alarming increase in the amount of dangerous pesticides such as atrazine in agricultural fields and drinking water is driving the growth of new technologies to detect these toxins well below their threat level. The recent elucidation of microcantilever nanomechanical bending in response to chemical and biomolecular interactions has added another(More)
Tracking the uptake of nanomaterials by living cells is an important component in assessing both potential toxicity and in designing future materials for use in vivo. We show that the difference in the local elasticity at the site of silica ͑SiO 2 ͒ nanoparticles confined within a macrophage enables functional ultrasonic interactions. By elastically(More)
A symmetric micro-supercapacitor is constructed by electrochemically depositing manganese oxide onto micro-patterned current collectors. High surface-to-volume ratio of manganese oxide and short diffusion distance between electrodes give an ultra-high areal capacitance of 56.3 mF cm(-2) at a current density of 27.2 μA cm(-2).
We demonstrate a facile approach for site-specific fabrication of organic, inorganic, and hybrid solid-state nanostructures through a novel combination of electron-beam lithography (eBL) and spin coating of liquid and sol-gel precursors, termed soft eBL. By using eBL patterned resists as masks in combination with a low cost process such as spin coating,(More)
Imaging high resolution subsurface defects nondestructively in advanced interconnect structures and devices is a challenge and no known metrology tools are available to identify such defects in a nondestructive way at nanometer level. Monitoring these defects necessitate the understanding of their growth mechanism of these interconnects as well as defect(More)