Gajendra S Shekhawat

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A nondestructive imaging method, scanning near-field ultrasound holography (SNFUH), has been developed that provides depth information as well as spatial resolution at the 10- to 100-nanometer scale. In SNFUH, the phase and amplitude of the scattered specimen ultrasound wave, reflected in perturbation to the surface acoustic standing wave, are mapped with a(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent type of dementia, has been associated with the accumulation of amyloid β oligomers (AβOs) in the central nervous system. AβOs vary widely in size, ranging from dimers to larger than 100 kDa. Evidence indicates that not all oligomers are toxic, and there is yet no consensus on the size of the actual toxic(More)
We report here the direct observation of high resolution structures of assemblies of Alzheimer beta-amyloid oligomers and monomers using liquid atomic force microscopy (AFM). Visualization of nanoscale features of Abeta oligomers (also known as ADDLs) was carried out in tapping mode AFM in F12 solution. Our results indicate that ADDL preparations exist in(More)
A promising approach for detecting biomolecules follows their binding to immobilized probe molecules on microfabricated cantilevers; binding causes surface stresses that bend the cantilever. We measured this deflection, which is on the order of tens of nanometers, by embedding a metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) into the base of the(More)
Nanomaterials have potential medical applications, for example in the area of drug delivery, and their possible adverse effects and cytotoxicity are curently receiving attention. Inhalation of nanoparticles is of great concern, because nanoparticles can be easily aerosolized. Imaging techniques that can visualize local populations of nanoparticles at(More)
The endothelial cell (EC) lining of the pulmonary vascular system forms a semipermeable barrier between blood and the interstitium and regulates various critical biochemical functions. Collectively, it represents a prototypical biomechanical system, where the complex hierarchical architecture, from the molecular scale to the cellular and tissue level, has(More)
Tracking the uptake of nanomaterials by living cells is an important component in assessing both potential toxicity and in designing future materials for use in vivo. We show that the difference in the local elasticity at the site of silica SiO2 nanoparticles confined within a macrophage enables functional ultrasonic interactions. By elastically exciting(More)
Archimedes, the Greek mathematician, is once believed to have said “Give me a lever long enough and a place to stand, I will lift the earth.” Today, this famous quote could be paraphrased as ‘Give me a lever small enough, and I will ‘weigh’ molecules.’ Microscale versions of Archimedes levers, called microcantilevers, have been used in several forms to lift(More)
The alarming increase in the amount of dangerous pesticides such as atrazine in agricultural fields and drinking water is driving the growth of new technologies to detect these toxins well below their threat level. The recent elucidation of microcantilever nanomechanical bending in response to chemical and biomolecular interactions has added another(More)
BACKGROUND The synthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) has received considerable attention with their potential applications in various life sciences related applications. Recently, there has been tremendous excitement in the study of nanoparticles synthesis by using some natural biological system, which has led to the development of various biomimetic(More)