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BACKGROUND There is an increasing demand for renewable resources to replace fossil fuels. However, different applications such as the production of secondary biofuels or combustion for energy production require different wood properties. Therefore, high-throughput methods are needed for rapid screening of wood in large scale samples, e.g., to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Concern over land use for non-food bioenergy crops requires breeding programmes that focus on producing biomass on the minimum amount of land that is economically-viable. To achieve this, the maximum potential yield per hectare is a key target for improvement. For long lived tree species, such as poplar, this requires an understanding of the(More)
Particulate pollution is a term that covers a broad spectrum of specific pollutant types, including smoke and aerosols, which permeate the atmosphere. The effects of such pollutants on human health have prompted a great deal of research effort in recent years, with the establishment of PM 10 (particulate matter having an aerodynamic diameter of <10 µm) as(More)
Thermal imaging has been used in the past for remote detection of regions of canopy showing symptoms of stress, including water deficit stress. Stress indices derived from thermal images have been used as an indicator of canopy water status, but these depend on the choice of reference surfaces and environmental conditions and can be confounded by variations(More)
It is proposed that post-harvest longevity and appearance of salad crops is closely linked to pre-harvest leaf morphology (cell and leaf size) and biophysical structure (leaf strength). Transgenic lettuce plants (Lactuca sativa cv. Valeria) were produced in which the production of the cell wall-modifying enzyme xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase(More)
  • Carlo Calfapietra, Elizabeth A Ainsworth, Claus Beier, Paolo De Angelis, David S Ellsworth, Douglas L Godbold +23 others
  • 2010
Current forest Free Air CO 2 Enrichment (FACE) experiments are reaching completion. Therefore, it is time to define the scientific goals and priorities of future experimental facilities. In this opinion article, we discuss the following three overarching issues (i) What are the most urgent scientific questions and how can they be addressed? (ii) What forest(More)
BACKGROUND This work explores the potential contribution of bioenergy technologies to 60% and 80% carbon reductions in the UK energy system by 2050, by outlining the potential for accelerated technological development of bioenergy chains. The investigation was based on insights from MARKAL modelling, detailed literature reviews and expert consultations. Due(More)
  • Mike Robert Allwright, Adrienne Payne, Giovanni Emiliani, Suzanne Milner, Maud Viger, Franchesca Rouse +7 others
  • 2016
BACKGROUND Second generation (2G) bioenergy from lignocellulosic feedstocks has the potential to develop as a sustainable source of renewable energy; however, significant hurdles still remain for large-scale commercialisation. Populus is considered as a promising 2G feedstock and understanding the genetic basis of biomass yield and feedstock quality are a(More)