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1,3-Butadiene and two major genotoxic metabolites 3,4-epoxybutene (EB) and 1,2:3,4-diepoxybutane (DEB) were used as model compounds to determine if genetic toxicity findings in animal and human cells can aid in extrapolating animal toxicity data to man. Sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and micronucleus induction results indicated 1,3-butadiene was genotoxic(More)
Male B6C3F1 mice and Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed for 2 days, 6 h/day to 1,3-butadiene (BD) by inhalation (nose only) and their bone marrow cells were evaluated for the induction of micronuclei (MN) and sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs). A significant dose-dependent increase in MN induction was observed in mice. At 100 p.p.m., the frequency of(More)
A framework has been evolving for evaluation of mode of action (MOA) of rodent toxicity and carcinogenicity findings and their relevance to humans. Folpet produces duodenal glandular tumors in mice, but is not carcinogenic in rats. A wealth of information is available regarding folpet's mode of action, providing an excellent example of how this tumor can be(More)
Folpet and captan are fungicides whose genotoxicity depends on their chemical reaction with thiols. Multiple mutagenicity tests have been conducted on these compounds due to their positive activity in vitro and their association with gastrointestinal tumors in mice. A review of the collective data shows that these compounds have in vitro mutagenic activity(More)
Benomyl (methyl [1-[(butylamino)carbonyl]-1H-benzimidazol-2- yl]carbamate) and its major metabolite carbendazim (methyl 2-benzimidazolecarbamate) are major agricultural systemic fungicides. These compounds inhibit fungal microtubular function and thereby cause nondisjunction of chromosomes at cell division. Several investigators have proposed that these(More)
In an attempt to stabilize the dose response in the Salmonella typhimurium test (STT), the use of DNA-bound products from BP was evaluated as a measure of the biologically effective dose. In addition to the previously documented interlaboratory variation, we observed a 3-fold difference in the dose response of TA100 to BP even when the assay was repeated(More)
The effectiveness of benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P]-DNA binding as an internal dosimeter was evaluated. Data were obtained from concurrent studies, measuring B(a)P induced genotoxic effects and DNA adducts in several short-term bioassay systems: cytotoxicity, gene mutation, and sister chromatid exchange in Chinese hamster V79 cells; cytotoxicity, gene mutation, and(More)
The usefulness of the 32P-post-labeling/t.l.c. method for quantitative DNA adduct dosimetry was evaluated. 2-Acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF)-DNA adducts from three systems were characterized qualitatively and quantitatively by the 3H-radiolabeled technique with subsequent analysis by h.p.l.c. (pre-labeling method) and by the 32P-post-labeling method. Both(More)
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