Gail S. Ross

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Low-income families with premature newborns received home intervention regarding the care and development of their infants. Infants in these families were found to have higher mental ability scores, to be judged as having easier temperaments, and to be more likely to live in homes which facilitated development than were matched controls at one year of age.
This study determined the lower brainstem sites at which electrical stimulation elicits stepping movements of the forelimbs and hindlimbs. Rats (N = 45), anesthetized with nembutal, were fixed in a stereotaxic apparatus so that their limbs contacted a moving treadmill belt. Electrical stimulation (100 microA, 10-sec trains, 0.5-msec cathodal pulses, 50-Hz(More)
This work addresses the role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the physiological maintenance of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) molecular forms in motor endplate regions of adult Sprague-Dawley rat fast-twitch anterior gracilis muscles. Results show that: (a) CGRP is present in obturator nerve motor neurons which supply the gracilis muscle, as well(More)
PURPOSE The association between language delay and behavior problems in toddlers was examined in 2 studies, 1 conducted in a developmental clinic in New Jersey (Study 1; N = 83) and the other conducted in a developmental clinic in New York (Study 2; N = 103). METHOD In both clinics, parents of 18- to 35-month-olds completed the Language Development Survey(More)
Language functioning and speech development were assessed in six preschool boys who had undergone tracheotomy during infancy and had tracheal tubes in place for varying periods of time (from 11 to 44 mo). Results indicated that neonatal tracheotomy did not produce long-term effects on language development. Children with subnormal intelligence showed(More)
In 9 patients, aged 11 to 28 years, minor head injury triggered an amnesic attack grossly disproportionate to the degree of trauma. During these attacks, patients were unable to form new memories for 2 to 24 hours, had extensive retrograde amnesia, voiced repetitive queries and were disorientated for time, but were otherwise intact neurologically. We(More)
Deforestation is one of the major threats to habitats in the Dominican Republic. In this work we present a forest baseline for the year 2000 and a deforestation map for the year 2011. Maps were derived from Moderate Resolution Imaging Radiometer (MODIS) products at 250 m resolution. The vegetation continuous fields product (MOD44B) for the year 2000 was(More)
Divalproex sodium (DVS; Depakote) is a commonly used antiepileptic agent that increases the levels of gamma aminobutyric acid. Spasticity from different causes may be due to a deficiency of inhibitory transmitters like gamma aminobutyric acid or an excess of excitatory neurotransmitters. Spasticity also may be accompanied by pain. The authors administered(More)
In human subjects cortisol raises the osmotic threshold for vasopressin release. The presumption that this results from a direct inhibitory action of cortisol on osmotically stimulated vasopressin release has been tested in conscious rhesus monkeys. Preparatory surgical procedures included chronic bladder catheterization, placement of cannulae in the right(More)
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