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BACKGROUND In a recent meta-analysis, human milk feeding of low birth-weight (LBW) infants was associated with a 5.2 point improvement in IQ tests. However, in the studies in this meta-analysis, feeding regimens were used (unfortified human milk, term formula) that no longer represent recommended practice. OBJECTIVE To compare the growth, in-hospital(More)
This case study presents an industry perspective on medical innovation. Introduced as a scientific breakthrough in the late 1970s, transcutaneous oxygen monitoring was rapidly adopted for routine use in neonatal intensive care. But plagued by technical problems, it was within a decade being replaced by pulse oximetry, a still more recent technology. Its use(More)
Social competence and behavior problems of 87 children born weighing less than 1501 g were measured using the Child Behavior Checklist when the children were 7 to 8 years old. Both premature boys and girls had significantly lower Social Competence scores than the normative samples of their respective sexes. Only premature boys had significantly higher(More)
Ninety-four infants with birth weights less than 1,501 g were evaluated on neurologic functioning and mental abilities at 1 year and, again, at 3 to 4 years of age. Results of the examination showed high correspondence in neurologic status and in mental ability between infancy and the preschool period, particularly for children who were diagnosed as clearly(More)
  • Gail Ross
  • The American journal of orthopsychiatry
  • 1984
Low-income families with premature newborns received home intervention regarding the care and development of their infants. Infants in these families were found to have higher mental ability scores, to be judged as having easier temperaments, and to be more likely to live in homes which facilitated development than were matched controls at one year of age.
BACKGROUND Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is an intractable epileptic encephalopathy marked by frequent drop seizures. Most patients develop moderate intellectual disability and behavioral problems, including hyperactivity, aggressiveness, insecurity, and autistic features. Treatment with benzodiazepines, including clobazam, may increase aggression/behavioral(More)
This study reports on two aspects of outcome in a sample of infants whose birth weights ranged from 500 to 799 gm. First, maternal and early neonatal variables were analyzed by means of stepwise logistic regression. Five-minute Apgar score and initial pH were the only variables that predicted mortality at p less than or equal to 0.05. Second, the surviving(More)
Subependymal and mild intraventricular hemorrhages (S/IVH) are likely to affect the subcortical and frontal cortex regions of the brain in premature infants. Damage to the subcortical and frontal areas has been associated with poorer performance in certain abilities, including visual attention, memory for location, and ability to change response set. This(More)