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Inorganic phosphate (Pi) transport by wild-type cells of Escherichia coli grown in excess phosphate-containing media involves two genetically separable transport systems. Cells dependent upon the high affinity-low velocity Pst (phosphate specific transport) system have a Km of 0.43 +/- 0.2 microM Pi and a Vmax of 15.9 +/- 0.3 nmol of Pi (mg [dry(More)
To investigate the efficacy and mechanism of action of vanadium salts as oral hypoglycemic agents, 16 type 2 diabetic patients were studied before and after 6 weeks of vanadyl sulfate (VOSO4) treatment at three doses. Glucose metabolism during a euglycemic insulin clamp did not increase at 75 mg/d, but improved in 3 of 5 subjects receiving 150 mg VOSO4 and(More)
Plasmids in both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus contain an "operon" that confers resistance to arsenate, arsenite, and antimony(III) salts. The systems were always inducible. All three salts, arsenate, arsenite, and antimony(III), were inducers. Mutants and a cloned deoxyribonucleic acid fragment from plasmid pI258 in S. aureus have lost(More)
The effect of vanadium oxides on living systems may involve the in vivo conversion of vanadate and vanadyl ions. The addition of 5 mM orthovanadate (VO4(3-), V(V)), a known inhibitor of the (Na,K)-ATPase, to yeast cells stopped growth. In contrast, the addition of 5 mM vanadyl (VO2+, V(IV) stimulated growth. Orthovanadate addition to whole cells is known to(More)
Using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunological techniques, we have compared the synthesis of the phoA protein (alkaline phosphatase) and the phoS protein (phosphate-binding protein) in response to the level of phosphate in the medium in different genetic backgrounds containing the known alkaline phosphatase control(More)
Two classes of alkaline phosphatase constitutive mutations which comprise the original phoS locus (genes phoS and phoT) on the Escherichia coli genome have been implicated in the regulation of alkaline phosphatase synthesis. When these mutations were introduced into a strain dependent on a single system, the pst system, for inorganic phosphate (P(i))(More)
The effect of arsenate on strains dependent on the two major inorganic phosphate (Pi) transport systems in Escherichia coli was examined in cells grown in 1 mM phosphate medium. The development of arsenate-resistant Pi uptake in a strain dependent upon the Pst (phosphate specific transport) system was examined. The growth rate of Pst-dependent cells in(More)
Vanadium(III, IV, V)-chlorodipicolinate (dipic-Cl) complexes, including H[VIII(dipic-Cl)2] · 5H2O (V3dipic-Cl), VIVO(dipic-Cl)(H2O)2 (V4dipic-Cl) and K[VVO2(dipic-Cl)] (V5dipic-Cl), were prepared with the indicated oxidation states. Our aim was to evaluate the anti-diabetic effects of V3dipic-Cl, V4dipic-Cl and V5dipic-Cl in streptozotocin-induced diabetic(More)