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To investigate the efficacy and mechanism of action of vanadium salts as oral hypoglycemic agents, 16 type 2 diabetic patients were studied before and after 6 weeks of vanadyl sulfate (VOSO4) treatment at three doses. Glucose metabolism during a euglycemic insulin clamp did not increase at 75 mg/d, but improved in 3 of 5 subjects receiving 150 mg VOSO4 and(More)
Inorganic phosphate (Pi) transport by wild-type cells of Escherichia coli grown in excess phosphate-containing media involves two genetically separable transport systems. Cells dependent upon the high affinity-low velocity Pst (phosphate specific transport) system have a Km of 0.43 +/- 0.2 microM Pi and a Vmax of 15.9 +/- 0.3 nmol of Pi (mg [dry(More)
The effects of oral treatment of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes with a range of vanadium dipicolinate complexes (Vdipic) and derivatives are reviewed. Structure-reactivity relationships are explored aiming to correlate properties such as stability, to their insulin-enhancing effects. Three types of modifications are investigated; first,(More)
Vanadium(III, IV, V)-chlorodipicolinate (dipic-Cl) complexes, including H[VIII(dipic-Cl)2] · 5H2O (V3dipic-Cl), VIVO(dipic-Cl)(H2O)2 (V4dipic-Cl) and K[VVO2(dipic-Cl)] (V5dipic-Cl), were prepared with the indicated oxidation states. Our aim was to evaluate the anti-diabetic effects of V3dipic-Cl, V4dipic-Cl and V5dipic-Cl in streptozotocin-induced diabetic(More)
Vanadyl sulfate (VOSO(4)) was given orally to 16 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus for 6 weeks at a dose of 25, 50, or 100 mg vanadium (V) daily [Goldfine et al., Metabolism 49 (2000) 1-12]. Elemental V was determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). There was no correlation of V in serum with clinical response, determined by(More)
Plasmids in both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus contain an "operon" that confers resistance to arsenate, arsenite, and antimony(III) salts. The systems were always inducible. All three salts, arsenate, arsenite, and antimony(III), were inducers. Mutants and a cloned deoxyribonucleic acid fragment from plasmid pI258 in S. aureus have lost(More)
Two classes of alkaline phosphatase constitutive mutations which comprise the original phoS locus (genes phoS and phoT) on the Escherichia coli genome have been implicated in the regulation of alkaline phosphatase synthesis. When these mutations were introduced into a strain dependent on a single system, the pst system, for inorganic phosphate (P(i))(More)
The effect of vanadium oxides on living systems may involve the in vivo conversion of vanadate and vanadyl ions. The addition of 5 mM orthovanadate (VO4(3-), V(V)), a known inhibitor of the (Na,K)-ATPase, to yeast cells stopped growth. In contrast, the addition of 5 mM vanadyl (VO2+, V(IV) stimulated growth. Orthovanadate addition to whole cells is known to(More)
Vanadium, abbreviated V, is an early transition metal that readily forms coordination complexes with a variety of biological products such as proteins, metabolites, membranes and other structures. The formation of coordination complexes stabilizes metal ions, which in turn impacts the biodistribution of the metal. To understand the biodistribution of V, V(More)