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Sinorhizobium meliloti differentiates into persisting, nitrogen-fixing bacteroids within root nodules of the legume Medicago truncatula. Nodule-specific cysteine-rich antimicrobial peptides (NCR AMPs) and the bacterial BacA protein are essential for bacteroid development. However, the bacterial factors central to the NCR AMP response and the in planta role(More)
1. The role of the paired serotonergic cerebral giant cells (CGCs) in the feeding system of Lymnaea was examined by electrophysiological and pharmacological techniques. 2. The firing characteristics of the CGCs were recorded by fine wires attached to their cell bodies in freely moving intact snails (in vivo recording) and their "physiological" rates of(More)
  • Citation Arnold, P Caro-Hernandez, K Tan, G Runti, S Wehmeier, M Scocchi +12 others
  • 2013
The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. 19 20 21 22 2 ABSTRACT 1 yaiW is a previously uncharacterized gene found in enteric bacteria that is of particular interest 2 because it is located adjacent to the sbmA gene, whose bacA ortholog is required for Sinorhizboium 3 meliloti(More)
The relatively simple chromatophore system of the squid, Lolliguncula brevis, was studied with combined behavioural, morphological and electrophysiological methods in order to understand how the chromatophore patterns in the skin are organized at the level of the posterior chromatophore lobes (PCL). There are nine simple chromatic components of patterning(More)
Two muscle systems mediated the whole-body withdrawal response of Lymnaea stagnalis: the columellar muscle (CM) and the dorsal longitudinal muscle (DLM). The CM was innervated by the columellar nerves and contracted longitudinally to shorten the ventral head-foot complex and to pull the shell forward and down over the body. The DLM was innervated by the(More)
Basolateral condition of the brain microvascular endothelium is believed to influence blood-brain barrier (BBB) phenotype, although the precise transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms involved are poorly defined. In vivo, the basolateral surface of the blood-brain endothelium is bathed in serum-free interstitial fluid and encompassed by astrocytic(More)
1. Central pathways for bag cell activation were identified by examining the frequency of spontaneous egg laying episodes in animals with central connective lesions. Bilateral lesions of the cerebropleural (but not the cerebropedal) connectives abolished spontaneous egg laying. In contrast, bilateral lesions of all cerebral ganglion peripheral nerves did(More)
The role of centrally located motoneurones in producing the whole-body withdrawal response of Lymnaea stagnalis (L.) was investigated. The motoneurones innervating the muscles used during whole-body withdrawal, the columellar muscle (CM) and the dorsal longitudinal muscle (DLM) were cells with a high resting potential (-60 to -70 mV) and thus a high(More)
Aplysia egg laying is a complex sequence of head and neck movements initiated by the release of ovulatory and neuroactive hormones from the neurosecretory bag cells. This behavioral pattern is difficult to study in reduced preparations, because they do not show ovulation or egg laying behaviors. This paper describes the use of chronically implanted(More)
The neuronal activity of the cerebrobuccal connective (CBC) of Aplysia was recorded, using 2 implanted electrodes, under three conditions; 1) in the absence of feeding behaviour, 2) during appetitive feeding behaviour and 3) during consummatory feeding behaviour. Cross-correlation analysis of the recordings was then performed to subdivide spikes on the(More)