Gail F. Weiss

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Previous research with hypothalamic injection of serotonin (5-HT) has suggested that this monoamine may act within the medial hypothalamus to suppress carbohydrate intake in a selective, phasic and circadian-related fashion. To explore further the action of 5-HT in the brain, the present studies tested the serotonergic stimulants, d-norfenfluramine (DNF)(More)
Evidence to date suggests an inhibitory role for serotonin (5-HT) in the regulation of feeding behavior. In the present study, hypothalamic 5-HT was investigated for its anorexic potency under different feeding conditions. In fasted rats, 5-HT (1.1-4.4 micrograms) injected into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), produced a reliable(More)
Studies of the neuropharmacology of eating behavior demonstrate that monoaminergic neurotransmitters in the brain have an active and important role in the control of food ingestion, in animals and also possibly in humans. The anatomical focus of the animal studies has been the hypothalamus, which appears to play a key role in this process. This structure(More)
The effect of the serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor, fluoxetine (FLU), on nutrient intake was examined in rats given free access to three pure macronutrient diets (protein, carbohydrate and fat). Fluoxetine was administered either peripherally or directly into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) at three different times of the rats' nocturnal(More)
Serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT)] in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of rats has a suppressive effect on feeding behavior and causes a selective decrease in carbohydrate ingestion, specifically at the onset of the natural (dark) feeding period. Studies conducted here provide further evidence for this phenomena, showing a similar dose-related decrease(More)
Hypothalamic serotonin (5-HT) is believed to have an inhibitory effect on food intake in a variety of species. To define more precisely the nature of this effect, this study investigated the effects of medial hypothalamic 5-HT injection on natural patterns of macronutrient intake in freely feeding rats. Serotonin (5-20 nmol) was injected directly into the(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that injection of serotonin (5-HT) into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), specifically at the onset of the active feeding cycle, causes a strong and selective suppression of carbohydrate intake, while producing no change in fat intake and, in some cases, enhancing protein consumption. The purpose of the present(More)
Acute injections of norepinephrine (NE) into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) have been shown to elicit eating in satiated rats. The present report examines the effects of acute and chronic PVN infusion of NE on intake of various liquid and mixed solid diets and on selection of the pure macronutrients, carbohydrate, protein, and fat. The(More)
Feeding behavior elicited by central injection of the alpha-noradrenergic agonists, norepinephrine (NE) and clonidine (CLON), are believed to be mediated via postsynaptic alpha 2-type receptors located in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). To map the course taken by essential efferent (descending) fibers of this PVN system for noradrenergically-stimulated(More)
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