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INTRODUCTION The phenomenon of body art, such as tattoos and piercings, has ancient roots, rediscovered in Western society during the '70s. The aim of this research is to investigate the prevalence and the characteristics of tattoos and piercings among Italian adolescents of high school in Padua, with particular attention to family context and temperament.(More)
OBJECTIVE The overriding objective of this paper is to outline the steps involved in refining a structural model to explain differences in dieting status. METHODS Cross-sectional data (representing the responses of 1,644 teenage girls) derive from the preliminary testing in a 3-year longitudinal study. A battery of measures assessed social influence,(More)
  • G Huon, J Lim
  • The International journal of eating disorders
  • 2000
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this brief report is to document the emergence of dieting in adolescent girls across a 2-year period, and to establish whether the changes in dieting status were related to the girls' age, body mass index, or to seasonal effects. METHOD As part of a large-scale longitudinal study concerned with adolescent health and well-being,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine the effects of media-portrayed idealized images on young women's body shame and appearance anxiety, and to establish whether the effects depend on advertisement type and on participant self-objectification. METHOD Participants were 39 female university students. Twenty-four magazine advertisements comprised(More)
OBJECTIVES The study aimed to establish whether an index of exposure to westernization would predict dieting behavior over and above the predictors of body mass index (BMI) and social influences. The study also sought to compare dieting behaviors among adolescents from three different cultural backgrounds. METHOD A total of 100 females from Beijing,(More)
Promotion of healthy diets often involves provision of information about which food types are most favourable for health. This is based on the assumption that the rational consumer will, other things being equal, choose the food that they know is healthier. However, health information may not always have a positive effect, since there is evidence that some(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the effects of the attempts by high and low disinhibitors to suppress thoughts about food and eating. METHOD Seventy-seven females who differed in level of disinhibition were asked to monitor their thoughts about food and eating for three 5-min periods. Participants were administered either a suppression or a nonsuppression(More)
A multifaceted group-based approach to the treatment of bulimia is described, that focuses on recovering a sense of control by examining how control is relinquished, and can be regained by developing adaptive attitudes and behaviour about food and eating, the body, and interpersonal relationships. Results from an end of programme assessment and then at six(More)
This study was concerned with the role of interpersonal stress in precipitating eating for high and low disinhibitors. Two forms of stress, ostracism and argument, were compared. A second comparison focused on targets and sources of both forms of interpersonal stress. Fifty-seven females who differed in their level of disinhibition participated in a(More)
OBJECTIVE This brief report identifies the factors that distinguish girls who have begun dieting recently from those who have never dieted, using Huon and Strong's (International Journal of Eating Disorders 23:361-369, 1998) model of dieting. METHOD Sixty-two initiating dieters were carefully matched with 62 never dieters, according to school, grade, age,(More)