Gail Dunphy

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The objective of this study was to determine whether the plasma norepinephrine (NE) increase in rats exposed to CO2 asphyxia was due to adrenal gland release or sympathetic nerve ending (SNS) release. Plasma NE was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in hypertensive and normotensive rats using the following protocol: control session, CO2(More)
The objective of this study was to examine whether or not estradiol (E2) alters sodium intake in hypertensive and normotensive female rats. It was hypothesized that higher doses of E2 would increase sodium consumption and that this response would be greater in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared with Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. The study involved(More)
Testes determining factor Sry is encoded by the Sry locus on the Y chromosome and may be involved in the regulation of blood pressure. Here we tested the hypothesis that Sry regulates transcription of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of catecholamines. Sry was found to be expressed in catecholaminergic regions, in male(More)
This investigation evaluates the moderating influence of social support on the negative effects of stress for family caregivers and validates the Perceived Stress Scale as a standard of measurement. Seventy-five family caregivers to older adults with heart failure were interviewed in their homes about perceived stress, depressive symptoms, and social(More)
BACKGROUND The Y-chromosome (Yc) and testosterone (T) increase blood pressure and may also influence renal electrolyte excretion. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine if the Yc combined with T manipulation could influence renal Na and K excretion. METHODS To investigate the role of the Yc and T, consomic borderline hypertensive (SHR/y) and(More)
Territorial stress (TS) elevates blood pressure (BP) in several mammalian species. However, cardiovascular pathology following chronic stress has not been consistently shown in a non-genetic hypertension model. Therefore, the hypothesis tested was that social stress would directly increase: BP, collagen deposition in coronary and mesenteric arteries, and(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that the Y chromosome from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is responsible for a significant portion of the elevated blood pressure and also produces an earlier pubertal rise in plasma testosterone. We performed the following studies to determine whether the SHR Y chromosome raises blood(More)
During 24 h in vitro heart preservation and reperfusion, tissue damage occurs that seriously reduces cardiac function. Prevention of free radical production during preservation and reperfusion of ischemic tissue using free radical scavengers is of primary importance in maintaining optimal heart function in long-term preservation protocols. We examined(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between testosterone and blood pressure during the rapid development phase of blood pressure rise in four strains of rats: Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats; spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR); SHR/y, a substrain with an SHR Y chromosome and WKY rat autosomes and X chromosomes; and SHR/a, a substrain with SHR autosomes and(More)
The following review examines the role of the SHR Y chromosome and specifically the Sry gene complex in hypertension and potential mechanisms that involve the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin system. There are consistent gender differences in hypertension, with a greater proportion of males affected than females in most mammalian(More)