Gail Dunphy

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Testes determining factor Sry is encoded by the Sry locus on the Y chromosome and may be involved in the regulation of blood pressure. Here we tested the hypothesis that Sry regulates transcription of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of catecholamines. Sry was found to be expressed in catecholaminergic regions, in male(More)
The following review examines the role of the SHR Y chromosome and specifically the Sry gene complex in hypertension and potential mechanisms that involve the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin system. There are consistent gender differences in hypertension, with a greater proportion of males affected than females in most mammalian(More)
The objective of this study was to examine whether or not estradiol (E2) alters sodium intake in hypertensive and normotensive female rats. It was hypothesized that higher doses of E2 would increase sodium consumption and that this response would be greater in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared with Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. The study involved(More)
BACKGROUND The Y-chromosome (Yc) and testosterone (T) increase blood pressure and may also influence renal electrolyte excretion. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine if the Yc combined with T manipulation could influence renal Na and K excretion. METHODS To investigate the role of the Yc and T, consomic borderline hypertensive (SHR/y) and(More)
The Y chromosome in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and stroke-prone rats has been shown to contain a locus that contributes to the hypertensive effect; both the sympathetic nervous system and testosterone may be involved. The objective of this study was to look at the effects of testosterone on renal norepinephrine (NE) release and content in the(More)
BACKGROUND Our laboratory has shown that a locus on the SHR Y chromosome increases blood pressure (BP) in the SHR rat and in WKY rats with the SHR Y chromosome (SHR/y rat). A candidate for this Y chromosome hypertension locus is Sry, a gene that encodes a transcription factor responsible for testes determination. The SHR Y chromosome has six divergent Sry(More)
The objective of this study was to compare strain and gender differences in kidney and heart norepinephrine (NE) content and turnover rate in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, SHR/a, and SHR/y). Our laboratory has shown that the Y chromosome has a significant effect on blood pressure in the SHR model of(More)
BACKGROUND Our laboratory has shown that a locus on the SHR Y chromosome increases blood pressure (BP) in the SHR rat and in WKY rats that had the SHR Y chromosome locus crossed into their genome (SHR/y rat). A potential candidate for this Y chromosome hypertension locus is Sry, a gene that encodes a transcription factor that is responsible for testes(More)
Our hypothesis is that the steroid sulfatase gene (Sts) may indirectly contribute to the modulation of blood pressure (BP) in rats with genetic hypertension. The steroid sulfatase enzyme (STS) catalyzes the conversion of estrone sulfate, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, cholesterol sulfate and glucocorticoid sulfates to their active nonconjugated forms. This(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the response of tissue steroid sulfatase (STS) levels in hypertensive rat strains, when blood pressure (BP) was lowered by different techniques at an early age. A 4x3 factoral design was used, in which males (n=6-8) from four rat strains (WKY, SHR, SHR/a, SHR/y) at 4 weeks of age, were randomly assigned to one of(More)