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During 24 h in vitro heart preservation and reperfusion, tissue damage occurs that seriously reduces cardiac function. Prevention of free radical production during preservation and reperfusion of ischemic tissue using free radical scavengers is of primary importance in maintaining optimal heart function in long-term preservation protocols. We examined(More)
During 24-h in vitro heart preservation and reperfusion, irreversible tissue damage occurs caused by reactive oxygen intermediates, such as superoxide radicals, singlet oxygen, hydrogen peroxide, hydroperoxyl, hydroxyl radicals, as well as the peroxynitrite radical. Reduction of the related oxidative damage of reperfused ischemic tissue by free radical(More)
Territorial stress (TS) elevates blood pressure (BP) in several mammalian species. However, cardiovascular pathology following chronic stress has not been consistently shown in a non-genetic hypertension model. Therefore, the hypothesis tested was that social stress would directly increase: BP, collagen deposition in coronary and mesenteric arteries, and(More)
Testes determining factor Sry is encoded by the Sry locus on the Y chromosome and may be involved in the regulation of blood pressure. Here we tested the hypothesis that Sry regulates transcription of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of catecholamines. Sry was found to be expressed in catecholaminergic regions, in male(More)
The hypothesis to be tested was that socially dominant (D) males in a mixed gender rat colony will have: higher blood pressure (BP) decreased hypothalamic pituitary axis (HPA) activity measured by plasma corticosterone (C) and increased sympathetic activity measured by plasma noradrenaline (NA) as compared to socially subordinate (S) males. BP was measured(More)
The Y-chromosome (Yc) and testosterone (T) increase blood pressure and may also influence renal electrolyte excretion. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine if the Yc combined with T manipulation could influence renal Na and K excretion. To investigate the role of the Yc and T, consomic borderline hypertensive (SHR/y) and normotensive(More)
The following review examines the role of the SHR Y chromosome and specifically the Sry gene complex in hypertension and potential mechanisms that involve the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin system. There are consistent gender differences in hypertension, with a greater proportion of males affected than females in most mammalian(More)
Our objective was to test the hypothesis that 1) a high Na (HNa, 3%) diet would increase blood pressure (BP) in male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive Y chromosome (SHR/y) rat strains in a territorial colony; 2) sympathetic nervous system (SNS) blockade using clonidine would lower BP on a HNa diet; and 3) prepubertal androgen receptor(More)
The objective of this study was to examine whether or not estradiol (E2) alters sodium intake in hypertensive and normotensive female rats. It was hypothesized that higher doses of E2 would increase sodium consumption and that this response would be greater in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared with Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. The study involved(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that the Y chromosome from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is responsible for a significant portion of the elevated blood pressure and also produces an earlier pubertal rise in plasma testosterone. We performed the following studies to determine whether the SHR Y chromosome raises blood(More)